Associations in the Greco-Roman World (AGRW)

An expanding collection of inscriptions, papyri, and other sources in translation (run by Philip A. Harland)

Dedication and Record of Sanctuary Purchase by Initiates (I BCE-I CE) Kyme - Mysia and the Troad


Kyme (Mysia and the Troad, Asia Minor — Pleiades map), I BCE- I CE
GRA 105 = IKyme 37 = Josef Keil, “Mysterieninschrift aus dem äolischen Kyme,” JÖAI 14 (1911) Beiblatt 134-146 = Vermaseren, ICybele I 528 = PHI 268308 = AGRW ID# 7065


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Slab of blue-grey marble (74 x 25-29 x 8 cm; letter height: 0.7-1.0 cm). Found in Kyme and brought to the museum of the evangelical school in Smyrna. Now lost according to Vermaseren (CCCA I 528). Portions of this inscription are heavily damaged and here I follow the restorations of Engelmann from IKyme 37. Here an association devoted to the mysteries of a god with the epithet Kaion (likely named Mandros) provides record of its purchase of a property with buildings to be used in connection with the group’s sacred rites. A committee of collectors (all men) was established to gather the funds for the purchase. The reference to the god Mandros is reconstructed by Josef Keil (and followed by Engelmann). This inscription would be the only known direct reference to this god, who is well attested in theophoric personal names. Special thanks to Benedikt Eckhardt who made helpful suggestions regarding parts of the translation.

Menandros, the chief–gallos.

During the presidency of Kyme on the second (?) of the month of Pornopion, Herakleides Olympikos son of Zopyros purchased, for the partners, the temple (hieron) of Mandros Kaion (“Burning” ?) (or: belonging to Mandres who burns [the offerings ?]) before the city … (two half–lines missing) … Hermogenes … together with the adjacent stoa …  (two untranslatable lines) … (10) by the sacred ones (or: areas) and the remaining ones (or: areas), insofar as he holds the title to the property.  Having received 103 denarii from each of those participating (metechontes) in the sacred rites, the money for the purchase was acquired by the appointed collectors (praktores) of the payments: Herakleides Olympikos son of Zopyros, … Name son of Kritios, Alexas (?) son of Zoilos, Hermogenes …, Name son of Perikles, (20) Heroides son of Diagoras, Olympikos son of Name …, Menandros son of Soterichos, Eukarpos, the honourable public servant, Asklepides son of Alexandros, and Helenos son of Kleokritos. They consider and care for the sacred areas and the buildings, along with the market–overseer … Name son of Eudoros in the coming year (?), and for … accomplishing (?) … the mysteries … for the eternal continuation of the Augustan emperors, the People (dēmos) of the Romans, and (30) the People (dēmos) of the Kymaians with the … initiates (mystai) who are partners (?) … and their descendants.  Those who are registered, giving toward the purchase of each … Herakleides Olympikos son of Zopyros …  And he will consider those participating in the sacred rites and the domestic slaves and he will spend the funds before these … periods of time.  May those who take part in the mysteries, accomplishing and protecting them perpetually, acquire accessible and fruitful land, (40) the birth of legitimate children, and a share in all good things.  But for the one who does not consider these things, the opposite will happen.  Insofar as he holds the title to the property, Herakleides Olympikos son of Zopyros together with all those participating in the sacred rites dedicates as sacred the rooms and sacred places outlined above.  This was done when the younger Olympikos son of Olympikos was market–overseer. The money has been brought by the collectors written above for the purchase.  Tettaios, the flute (aulos) player, gave this monument (?) as a gift.

(column a, beginning at line 50) Papias, Phoibos, Hieratikos, Zosimos, Ergastikos, Aneiketos, Sporos, Zosimos, Corbulo, Tettaios, Name

(column b, beginning at line 50) Boulomaga, Metrophile, Helene, Ammion, Eugenea, Mettia, Bassa, Eutuchis, Agapomene, Ionis, Eirene, Dionysias, Name

(column c, beginning at line 50) Prima, mother (or: mid–wife; maia) Elpis, Soteris, Hedea, Auxesis, Syntyche, Soteira, Gamike, Lezbia, Heraklea, Kastalia.

(column d, beginning at line 50) Archippe, Samiramis, Ekprepea, Dionysias, Elpis, Fausteina.

Translation by: Harland



[Μέ]νανδρος ἀρχίγαλλος· | ἐπὶ πρυτάνεως Κύμης τὸ̣ [βʹ (?)], μη(νὸς) | Πορνοπίου [βʹ]· Ἡ̣ρα̣κ̣λε̣ίδη[ς] Ζωπ|ύρου̣ Ὀ̣λυμπικὸς ἠγ̣όρασε̣ν τοῖς μετέ̣||χουσιν τοῦ πρὸ̣ [πό]λ̣ε̣ως ἱεροῦ καίοντος Μ[άν]|δρ[ο]υ τὸ γεν[ό]μεν[ο]ν . . . . . . ο[υ] τοῦ | π̣[ . . . . . καὶ . . . ]ο[υ το]ῦ [Ἑ]ρ[μο]γένο[υ] στε|τ . . ου . . . ο̣ν̣ [ . . . ]α[ . . ]ιο[ν σὺν τῇ] προσκε[ι]|μ[ένῃ στο]ᾷ . . . . . ω . . . . . . ι στεγν . . || [ . . . . . . σ]τε[γ]ν[ὸ]ν [ . . . . . ]αιον σὺν [ . . ]οι[ ] | τ[ . . . . . . . .]ερ[ . ]μένοις [ὑ]πὸ [τ]ῶν ἱερῶν̣ | κ[αὶ] τὰ̣ λοι[πά, καθ]ὼς [ἡ κ]τ[ῆ]σ[ι]ς πε[ρ]ιέχει, | λ[αβ]ὼν̣ παρ’ [ἑκ]άστου τῶν μετεχόντω[ν] | τῶν ἱ[ερῶ]ν 𐆖 {denarius symbol} ργʹ, τῆς πρά[σ]εως̣ γ̣ε̣νομ[έ]||[νης ὑ]πὸ τ̣ῶ[ν κα]τα̣στα̣[θ]έ̣ντων πρακτόρ̣[ων] | [τῶν] ἀ̣π̣οδεδωκότ̣ων [τὸ] ἀ̣ρ̣γ̣ύριον | [Ἡρακλε]ίδου τ̣ο̣ῦ̣ [Ζω]π[ύ]ρο[υ Ὀλυ]μ[π]ικοῦ . . . | . . . . . . ο̣ . . . [τοῦ Κ]ριτ[ίου, Ἀλε]ξ[ᾶ (?) Ζ]ωίλου | [τῶ]ν Ἑ̣ρ[μ]ο[γένου] Ὀ̣ . . . . . . . ελ . . . . . Π̣ε[ρικ]–||λ[έ]ο̣υς [Ἡ]ρώ[ιδ]ου τοῦ [Δ]ιαγόρ[ου, Ὀ]λυ[μπ]ικο[ῦ] | το[ῦ . .]υ[ . ]ομ[ . ]γ[ . ]ς, [Με]νάνδρου τοῦ̣ Σωτη[ρί]|χ[ου], Ε[ὐκ]άρ[π]ο[υ ἐν]τείμο[υ δ]η̣μοσίου, Ἀσκ[λη]|[π]ί[δ]ου τοῦ Ἀλεξάνδ[ρ]ου, [Ἑλέ]νου τοῦ Κλ| ε[ο]κρίτου· οἵτινε[ς] φ[ρ]ο̣ντίσουσι καὶ ἐπιμ[ε]|| λ[ήσο]νται τ̣ῶν [ἱ]ερῶν κα[ὶ τ]ῶ[ν] οἰκ[ημ]άτων [σὺν] | τῷ [ . . ]τα . . . [ . ]ον̣ [Ε]ὐδώρου ἐνιαυ̣τὸν ἀγο[ρα]|ν[όμ]ῳ̣, [συντελουμέ]νων τ̣ῶν [μυσ]τηρίω[ν] | κ[ . . . ]μ̣[ . . . ]νων . .ν̣ . ς [εἰς αἰωνίαν] διαμον[ὴν] | τῶν Σ[εβαστ]ῶ[ν β]α[σιλέων καὶ τοῦ δ]ήμου [Ῥω]||μ[αίω]ν κα[ὶ δή]μου [Κυμ]αίων τοῖ[ς] μ[ετέχου]σι[ν] | [μύσ]τα[ις (?) καὶ] . . . ρ̣ . . .[ς] κ[αὶ τοῖς το]ύτων ἐκ[γό]|ν[οι]ς, [ὅσοι ἂν ἀπογράψα]ντ[ε]ς [τ]ελέσω[σι], | διδ[όν]τ[ος εἰς τὴν] ὠ[νὴν ἑκά]στ[ου . . . Ζ]ωπ[ύ]ρ[] | [ . . ]ν[ . . . . . . . . . . ]ω . . ε . . . ων· [φροντι]σθήσε[ται] || δὲ τῶν [μ]ετεχόντων ἱε̣ρῶν καὶ θρεμμά[των] | καὶ δαπα[νή]σει καθὼς καὶ τὰ πρὸ τούτων . . [ ] | τῶν χ[ρό]νων· [κα]ὶ [ὅ]σοις μ[έτε]στ[ι τ]ῶν μυστ[η]|[ρ]ίων, τούτοις [ἀνύο]υσι κ[α]ὶ σ[υ]ν[τ]ηροῦσιν | ἀκατά[λ]υτα γεί[ν]οιτ[ο γ]ῆ βατ[ὴ] καὶ καρποφό||ρος κ[α]ὶ τ[έκν]ων [γνησί]ω[ν γ]ένεσ[ις] καὶ πάν|των ἀγαθῶν μετο[χή], τῷ δὲ τἀναντία φρο| νήσαντι τἀναντία. οἰκήματα τὰ προγ̣[ε]|γραμμένα καὶ ἱερά, καθὼς ἡ κτῆσις περ[ι]|έχει, καθιέρωσεν Ἡρακλείδης Ζωπύρο[υ] || Ὀλυμπικὸς σὺν τοῖς ἱεροῖς πᾶσιν, ἀγορα|νομοῦντος Ὀλυμπικοῦ νέου τὸ δεύτ[ε]|ρον· οἱ δὲ κατενηνεχότες εἰς τὴν | ὠνὴν τὸ ἀργύριον σὺν τοῖς προγεγραμμένοις | πράκτορσιν· Τετταίιος αὐλητὴς δωρεάν·

(column a) || Παπίας | Φοῖβος | Ἱερατικός | Ζώσιμος | Ἐργαστικός || Ἀνείκητος | Σπόρος | Ζώσιμος | Κορβούλων | [Τε]τταίιος || [ . . . . . . ]ς

(column b) || Βουλομάγα | Μητροφίλη | Ἑλένη | Ἄμμιον | Εὐγένεα || Μεττία | Βᾶσσα | Εὐτυχίς | Ἀγαπωμένη | Ἰωνίς || [Ε]ἰ[ρή]νη | [Διον]υσιάς | [ . . . . .]ρ̣α

(column c) || Πρεῖμα | Ἐλπὶς μαεα | Σωτηρίς | Ἡδέα | Αὔξησις || Συντύχη | Σώτειρα | Γαμική | Λεζβία (Λεσβία ?) | Ἡρακλέα || Κασταλία

(column d) || Ἀρχίππη | Σαμίραμι[ς] | Ἐκπρέπ[εα] | Διονυσιάς | Ἐλπίς || Φαυστεῖνα.

IKyme 37: Facsimile by Joseph Keil (1911, 135).
Public domain.

Item added: December 3, 2012
Item modified: May 20, 2016
ID number: 7065
Short link address:
http://www.philipharland.com/greco-roman-associations/?p=7065

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