Associations in the Greco-Roman World (AGRW)

An expanding collection of inscriptions, papyri, and other sources in translation (run by Philip A. Harland)

Senatorial Decisions Regarding Privileges for Instructors, Sophists and Physicians (42 or 32 BCE) Ephesos - Ionia

Ephesos (Ionia, Asia Minor — Pleiades map), 42 or ca. 32 BCE
IEph 4101 = Hoz 2015, 99 = D. Knibbe, "Qvandocvmqve qvis trivm virorvm rei pvblicae constitvendae...: Ein Neuer Text aus Ephesos." ZPE 44 (1981) 1-10 = K. Bringmann, "Edikt der Triumvirn oder Senatsbeschluss? Zu einem Neufund aus Ephesos," EA 2 (1983) 47-76 = SEG 31 (1981), no. 952 = PHI 247930 = AGRW ID# 24440


Fragmentary inscriptions found in 1980 in the "Marienkirche." These fragmentary senatorial decrees (perhaps three in lines 1-8, 8-15, 15ff) were inscribed on a stone that fits with another stone that contained IEph 4101A and 4101B. The inclusion of this inscription with other documents concerning the physicians suggests that it was the association of physicians (well-attested in other inscriptions) who had these texts reinscribed (in the time of Trajan) on this monument. On further imperial privileges for physicians and instructors, see GCRE 38 and Digest on this site.

. . . for anything exported or carried from these territories or imported or brought into these territories, all of these (people) are not subject to importation or exportation dues, nor dues labelled tolls (or: taxes).  Now if anyone acts against this decision, it will be necessary to bring the consuls before the people or the plebeians.  Let the current praetors and tribunes–whichever of them seems appropriate–bring the matter before the people or the plebeians.  Whenever any of the three men in charge of public matters (triumviri) consider this or pass an edict, it was resolved that none (10) of these are to impose a tax on the instructors (paideutai), the sophists (sophistai), or the physicians (iatroi).  These (three professions) have wanted to be considered exempt from tax in such a way that we would pass a decree concerning this matter.  None of the two men in charge (duumviri), or the four men in charge (quattuorviri), or the leaders in charge of administering justice for a city, free town, people, colony, settlement, encampment, public place, or village (or: neighbourhood), nor any other person in an elected leadership position are to impose a tax, nor anyone from any of them with respect to (?) . . . ,  nor (20) hinder them so as to harass them in violation of this decree and the edict of the three men in charge of public matters (triumviri) . . . (remainder fragmentary).

Translation by: Harland

[— ἅτινα ἐκ τούτων τῶν ἀγ]|ρ̣ῶν ἐξάγεται ἢ φ[έρεται] ἢ κ̣α̣ὶ̣ εἰς τοὺς ἀγροὺς εἰσάγ[εται] | ἢ εἰσφέρεται, τούτων πάντων εἰσαγώγιον καὶ ἐξαγώγιον μὴ | πράσσωνται μηδὲ τέλους ὀνόματι. ἐὰν δέ τις περὶ τού|του τοῦ πράγματος ἀνθίστηται, τῷ δήμῳ ἢ τῷ πλήθει || προσανενενκεῖν δεήσει ὑπάτοις, στρατηγοὶ δήμαρχ[οι] | οἱ νῦν ὄντες οἷς ἂν αὐτῶν δόξῃ τῷ δήμῳ ἢ τῷ πλ[ή]|θει προσανενενκάτωσαν. ὅταν τις τῶν τριῶν ἀνδρῶν | ἐπὶ τῆς καταστάσεως τῶν δημοσίων πραγμάτων | ἐπιτηρῷ ἢ διατάγματι δηλώσαι, δεδόχθαι μηδένα || τούτων τοῖς παιδευταῖς καὶ τοῖς σοφισταῖς ἢ τοῖς | [ἰ]ατροῖς εἰσφορὰν ἐπιτιθέναι τούτους τε ἀτελεί[ους] | εἶναι βεβουλῆσθαι η[—]εν ποιητέον, [ὅ]|πως περὶ τούτου τοῦ πρ[άγματος διατ]άγματι δηλώσο|μεν, καλῶς ἔχον ἐστίν. [μηδεὶς δύ]ο ἀνδρῶν ἢ τεσσάρων || ἀνδρῶν ἢ τῶν ὁποίποτε [δικαιο]δοτούντων ἀρχόντων | ἐν πόλει χ<ω>ρείῳ δήμῳ κολω[νεί]ᾳ ἀποικίᾳ σκέπῃ συνηλύ|σει χώρᾳ μήτε ἀρχοωνήαν [λαχ]όντες ἄλλος τέ τις εἰσ|φορὰς ἐπιτεταχέναι [μήτε] τι ἀπό τινος αὐτῶν | ἑνὸς ἑκάστου εἰς χ[—]αι μήτε ἐνπεποδικέ||ναι ὡς ἔλαττο [α]ὐ[τοὶ ἔκ τε τοῦ δ]όγματος τούτου κ[αὶ]| ἐκ τοῦ δ[ιατάγματος τῶν τριῶν ἀνδρῶν ἐπὶ τῆς καταστάσεως τῶν δημοσίων] | πραγμά[των —] | ὃς ἀν[—] | κριτὴ[ν —] || ἐκδον[— τῶν] || ριῶν [ἀνδρῶν ἐπὶ τῆς καταστάσεως τῶν δημοσίων πραγμάτων] | ὅσοι π[—] | λειτο[υργ—] | ․․ο[—]

Item added: March 4, 2017
Item modified: March 17, 2017
ID number: 24440
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