Associations in the Greco-Roman World (AGRW)

An expanding collection of inscriptions, papyri, and other sources in translation (run by Philip A. Harland)

Record (frag.) of a Dispute or Trial Involving Groups of Sacrificing Associates (ca. 300 BCE) Athens - Attica

Athens (Attica, Greece and Macedonia — Pleiades map), ca. 300 BCE
IG II² 1289 + SEG 13 (1956), no. 45 (new reading of lines 9-17) = PHI 3503 = AGRW ID# 23111
Copenhagen Inventory info: 233


Stone broken at the top and bottom with a fragmentary inscription. Found at the church of St. Irene. This very fragmentary inscription begins with reference to the disputants agreeing under oath to accept the judgement of arbitrators. The dispute apparently involves sacrificing associates (orgeōnes) regarding properties of an (unnamed) "goddess." The arbitrators' decision is that the property of the goddess could not be sold or offered as security, and this is reflected in a warning by a man named Kallistratos that any funds were to be used for sacrifices according to "ancestral custom" led by the priest. Lines 3-7 read as follows: "the properties are to belong to the goddess and nobody is permitted . . . to sell (?) . . . or mortgage them; rather, the priest together with the sacricificing associates are to perform the sacrifices according to ancestral custom from the . . . income (?)." See also Ferguson 1944, 84-86 (no. 6); Arnaoutoglou 2003, 57-58.

Too fragmentary to translate.

Translation by: Harland

[— — — εὐορ]|[κοῦντι μέν μοι] ε[ἴ]η πολλὰ κα[ὶ ἀγαθά, εἰ δὲ μ]|[ὴ τὰ ἐ]να[ντ]ία. | {line 3} τάδε διέλυσαν οἱ δικασταὶ v [ἐπιτρεψάν]|των ἀμφοτέρων· τὰ μὲν κτήματ[α εἶναι τῆς] || θεοῦ καὶ μηθενὶ ἐξεῖναι μὴτ’ [ἀποδόσθαι] | μήτε ὑποθεῖναι, ἀλλὰ ἐκ τῶν π[ροσόδων θύ]|ειν τὰς θυσίας τὸν ἱερέα μετ[ὰ τῶν ὀργεώ]|νων κατὰ τὰ πάτρια.  vac. | ἀπαγορεύει δὲ καὶ ἡ θεὸς κ[αὶ ὁ προφήτης] || Καλλίστρατος μηθένα ὀ[ρ]γ[εῶνα τῶν κτη]|μάτων τῶν ἑαυτῆς μηδ[ὲν ἀποδίδοσθαι μη] | δὲ μισθοῦσθαι [ε]ἰς π̣[ατρικὰ μηδενὶ μηδέν], | μηδὲ κακοτεχνεῖν μ[ηδένα περὶ τὰ {τὰ} ἑαυ]|τῆς κτήματα μήτε τ[έχνηι μήτε παρευρέ]||σει μηδεμιᾶι, ὡς [τοῦ τι τῶν ἑαυτῆς προσό]|δων λαμβάνον[τος παρανόμως προσκρού]|ειν ἑαυτεῖ [δοκοῦντος?]. | καταλε[— — —]|νον δι[— — —] || του[— — —]|μη[— — —].

Item added: February 24, 2016
Item modified: February 29, 2020
ID number: 23111
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