Associations in the Greco-Roman World (AGRW)

An expanding collection of inscriptions, papyri, and other sources in translation (run by Philip A. Harland)

Posthumous Honors by Heroists for Stratonike the Priestess (II BCE) Koloe area - Lydia

Koloe area (Lydia, Asia Minor — Pleiades map), II BCE
ILydiaHM 96 = C.P. Jones, "A Hellenistic Cult-Association," Chiron 38 (2008) 195–204 = AGRW ID# 22577


Slab of marble with triangular top (pediment), tenon, and a wreath depicted above the inscription (170 x 56 x 16 cm). Found east of Kiraz (ancient Koloe) at a site now called Çayağzı. Now in Ödemiş Museum (inv. 1838). This group seems to have begun as a primarily family-based association devoted to deceased members of the family. A second monument found at the same place pertains to some members of this family group and also outlines 65 members who contributed funds, presumably, to the sacrificial and other activities of this association. (see ILydiaHM 97 on this site). If the contributors listed in that inscription are indeed members of this association, then the membership extended beyond the family to include various other immigrants to the area. Cf. EBGR (2010), no. 268

It was resolved by the association (koinon) of hero-devotees (heroistai) who gather together for Harpalos (senior), Athenodoros (senior), Menodote and Zostas:  Since it was announced that the priestess (hiereia) Stratonike–daughter of Athenodoros and mother of both Harpalos (junior) and Athenodoros (junior)–has left us, who was beautiful and good and behaved in an honor-loving manner towards both the association (koineion; i.e. koinon) and each member individually during the gathering (synodos) of the association.  (10) She conducted her entire life in an honorable manner, always seeking to maintain her propriety and love of humanity in a manner worthy of her ancestors and she was god-fearing (theosebē).

Then it is just and appropriate, since she is irreproachable, for her to be honored by the associates (koineastai) in the following manner: that a day may be observed for her whenever the rest of the sacrifices are performed, just as is also done for her ancestors (i.e. those heroes listed at the opening); that she also be crowned (20) with a gold crown worth ten gold coins; that a painted portrait be set up in the heroes’ shrine (hērōon); and, that a slab of white stone be set up with the decree inscribed on it, in order that she herself might possess an eternal memorial of her benevolence toward everyone.  Furthermore, men are to be sent who, meeting with Harpalos and Athenodoros (i.e. her sons), will explain the honors which have been decreed and will comfort her sons appropriately to endure her deification (apotheōsis) which has taken place, of one who was affectionate towards her children (30) and was blameless by all people during her life-time.

Translation by: Harland

ἔδοξεν τῶι κοινῶι τῶν συναγομένων ἡρωϊσ|τῶν Ἁρπάλωι τε καὶ Ἁθηνοδώρωι καὶ Μηνοδότηι καὶ Ζοστᾷ· ἐπεὶ προσήγγελ|ται μετηλλαχέναι Στρατονίκην Ἀθη||ν̣οδώρου τὴν ἱέρειαν, μητέρα δὲ Ἁρπά|λ̣ου καὶ Ἀθηνοδώρου γεγενημένην κα|λ̣ὴν καὶ ἀγαθὴν, πρός τε τὸ κοινεῖον | καὶ κατ´ ἰδίαν ἑκαστῶι προσενηνεγμένην | φιλανθρώπως διὰ τὴν τοῦ κοινείου σύνο||δον, τόν τε τῆς ζωιῆς χρόνον ἀνεστραμ|μένην ἐνδόξως, πειρωμένην ἀεί ποτε δια|φυλάσσειν τήν τε εὑκοσμίαν καὶ φιλανθρω|πίαν ἁξίως τῶν προγόνων, οὖσαν θεο|σεβῆ {Ι}, δίκαιον δέ ἐστιν καὶ καλῶς ἔχον γε||γονυίας αὐτῆς ἀνεκλήτου τιμηθῆναι αὐ̣|τὴν ὐπὸ τῶν κοινεαστῶν, ὅπως ἄγηται̣ | καὶ ταύτης ἡμέρα, ὅταν αἱ λοιπαὶ συντε|λῶνται θυσίαι, καθάπερ καὶ τοῖς προγό|νοις αὐτῆς· στεφανῶσαι δε αὐτὴν καὶ χρυ||σῶι στεφάνωι ἁπὸ χρυσῶν δέκα· ἀναθεῖνα̣[ι] | δὲ καὶ εἰκόνα γραπτὴν ἐν τῶι ἡρώιωι, στῆσα[ι] | δὲ καὶ ἐγ λίθου λευκοῦ στήλην καὶ ἐνγράψ[αι] | τὸ ψήφισμα, ὅπως ὑπάρχηι αὐτῆι αἰώνιον ὑπ[ό]|μνημα τῆς πρὸς πάντας φιλαγαθίας· ἀ||ποστεῖλαι δὲ καὶ ἄνδρας, οἵτινες συμ|μείξαντες Ἁρπάλωι καὶ Ἀθηνοδώρωι τάς | τ̣ε ἐψηφισμένας τιμὰς ἀποδώσουσιν καὶ | παρακαλέσουσιν αὐτοὺς μετρίως ἐνεγκεῖν | τὴν ἀποθέωσιν γεγενημένης αὐτῆς φιλο̣||τέκνου καὶ ἀμεμψιμοιρήτου παρὰ πᾶσιν ἀν|θρώποις ἐν τῷ ζωιῆς χρόνωι.

Item added: February 14, 2016
Item modified: March 1, 2016
ID number: 22577
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