Associations in the Greco-Roman World (AGRW)

An expanding collection of inscriptions, papyri, and other sources in translation (run by Philip A. Harland)

[123] Petitions by a Priest of Apollo on the Shores to a High-priest (ca. 150 BCE) Sardis area [north of Gygaia lake] - Lydia

Sardis area [north of Gygaia lake] (Lydia, Asia Minor — Pleiades map), ca. 150 BCE
AGRW 123 = GRA 121 = SEG 46 (1996), no. 1519. = Malay and Nalbantolğlu 1996, 76-77 (no. 1). = SEG 46 (1996), no. 1519. = AGRW ID# 159


Slab of marble with moulding at the top; the bottom portion is missing (82 x 35.5 x 11 cm; line–height: 1 cm). The monument was purchased in 1994 from a dealer who claimed that it was found at Yeniköy, north of Gygaia (a.k.a. Koloe) lake. Euthydemos was likely the high–priest of the Attalid regime (see the comments on GRA 121). The Euthydemos of our inscription may be identified with the Euthydemos who erected an altar for Leto at Pergamon, which would also date this altar to the second century BCE (IPergamonAsklep 120):

Λητοῖ ǀ Εὐθύδηµος ἀρχιερεὺς ǀ κατὰ συνταγήν.

Euthydemos, the high–priest, dedicated this to Leto according to a command.

(column 1) When Euthydemos was high–priest and Kadoas son of Pleri was priest. Petition by Kadoas the priest of Apollo on the Shores, who held the priesthood for many years, to the high–priest Euthydemos:

Previously, when Antiochos was king, I made a request before Nikanor the high–priest that a monument would be set up in the temple (10) recording his name, mine, and those of the initiates (mystai).  Now if it seems agreeable, I request for you to write Asklepiades the manager in order that he may assign me a place in which to set up the monument (column 2) on which I will record your name, my name, and those of the initiates.

Diophantos to Attinas: I have appended for you a copy of the letter written to me by Euthydemos, the high–priest.

(20) Euthydemos to Asklepiades: Concerning the petition which was sent to me by Kadoas, the priest of Apollo on the Shores, let it be just as he requested.

Menekrates son of Hermogenes, Metrodoros son of Mithres …

Translation by: Harland

(column 1)

Ἐπὶ Εὐθυδήμου ἀρχιερέως καὶ | ἱερέως Καδοου Πληρι· Εὐθυδ|ήμωι ἀρχιερεῖ ὑπόμνημα πα|ρὰ Καδοου ἱερέως τοῦ ἐν Πλευ||ροῖς Ἀπόλλωνος ἔχοντος τὴν | ἱερητήαν ἐκ πλείονος χρόνου· ἠξ[ί]|ωσα πρότερον ἐπ’ Ἀντιόχου τοῦ | βασιλέως Νικάνορα τὸν ἀρχιερ[έ]|α ἵνα στήσω στήλην ἐν τῶι ἱερῶι || κατατάξαντός μου τὸ ἐκείνου | ὄνομα καὶ τὸ ἐμὸν καὶ τῶν μυ[στ]|ῶν καὶ νῦν ἀξιῶ σ᾿ εἰ φαίνετα[ι] | συντάξαι γράψαι Ἀσκληπιάδ[ηι] | τῶι οἰκονόμωι ἵνα παραδείξῃ μοι || τόπον ἐν ᾧ σ[τ]ήσω τὴν στήλην,

(column 2)

ἐν ᾗ κατατάξω τό τε σὸν ὄνομα | καὶ τὸ ἐμὸν καὶ τῶν μυστῶν · | Διόφαντος Ἀττίνᾳ · τῆς γραφ[εί]|σης μοι ἐπιστολῆς παρὰ Εὐθυδή||μου τοῦ ἀρχιερέως ὑποτέταχά | σοι τὸ ἀντίγραφον· Εὐθύδημος Ἀ|σκληπιάδῃ· τοῦ ἀναδοθέντος | μου ὑπομνήματος παρὰ Καδ|οου ἱερήως τοῦ ἐν Πλευροῖς || Ἀπόλλωνος γενέσθω αὐτῶ|ι καθάπερ ἠξίωσεν· | Μενεκράτης Ἑρμογένου | Μητρόδωρος Μιθρέους | [— — —]

Item added: November 10, 2011
Item modified: December 4, 2015
ID number: 159
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