Associations in the Greco-Roman World (AGRW)

An expanding collection of inscriptions, papyri, and other sources in translation (run by Philip A. Harland)

Loan Contract Between Society-members with Herianoupis and Nechoutes (101-100 BCE) Pathyris - Upper Egypt

Pathyris (Upper Egypt, Egypt — Pleiades map), 101-100 BCE
PGrenf I 31 = PLond III 627 (description only) = TM 48349 = AGRW ID# 20918
Copenhagen Inventory info: 767


Papyrus from the family archive of Herianoupis (also spelled Herienoupis or Herienouphis) son of Pathotes acquired in the 1890s (9 x 4 inches). Now in the British Library, London (inv. Pap 627). Pathyris was located in the Thebaid region of Upper Egypt. There are six other papyri, one ostrakon and one wood tablet that were part of the family archive of Herianoupis son of Pathotes, all of them pertaining to financial transactions (see
Greek texts:
(1) PGrenf I 31 (our present document)
(2) PGrenf I 26
(3) PCairo Goodspeed 8
(4) PCairo II 31028 = PBingen 39 (uncertain)
(5) OCairo 31 = OCairo 9690 (ostrakon)
(6) SB XXVI 16712 (wood tablet)
Demotic texts:
(6) PCairo II 30744
(7) PCairo II 30729 (uncertain).

. . . with the same established interest and to each person of Pathyris.  Now the borrower, Nechoutes, is liable to repay this loan to the lenders, Herianoupis and the members of the society (synthiasitai), in the month of Pachon in the same 14th year with produce (barley) that is new, pure, and unadulterated by anything, delivering it to them (i.e. the lenders) in their building at his (i.e. borrower’s) own expense with the same measure he has received.  But if he does not pay at the determined time, or he does not do what has been written, let him pay right away in the following month the 7 1/6 Persian measures (artabai) of barley plus an additional half that amount; otherwise let him pay the existing penalty of the marketplace.  But let the transaction by Nechoutes and from all his resources to Herianoupis and the fellow-members of the society be accomplished in a just manner.  I, Hermias, as an agent of Paniskos, have registered this.

Translation by: Harland

{some lines lost} τῶι σταθέντι τόκωι ἑνὶ καὶ ἑκά[σ]τ̣[ω]ι̣ | τῆς Παθύρεως. τὸ δὲ δάνειον τοῦτο | αποδοτωι {ἀποδότω} ὁ δεδανεὶς {δεδανει<κὼ>ς} Νεχούτης | τοῖς δεδανεισμένοις {δεδανεικόσι} Ἐριανοῦπις {Ἐριανοῦπι} καὶ || οι {τοῖς} συνθιασίται {συνθιασίταις}, ἐν μ(ηνὶ) Παχὼν τοῦ αὐτοῦ | ιδ (ἔτους), νέον καθαρὸν καὶ ἄδολον ἀπὸ παν|τὸς καὶ ἀποκαθεστάμενα {ἀποκαθεστάμενον} εἰς οἶκον | πρὸς αὐτοὺς τοῖς ἰδίοις ἀνηλώμασι, | μέτρωι ᾧ καὶ παρείληφεν. ἐὰν δὲ || μὴ ἀποδῷ ἐν τῷ ὡρισμένωι χρό|νῳ, ἢ μὴ ποιῆ καθʼ ἃ γέγρα(πται), ἀποτεισάτω | ἐν τῷ ἐχομένωι μ(ηνὶ) παραχρῆμα | τὰ τοῦ κρ(ιθοῦ) ἀρ(τάβας) ζ ϛ´ ἡμιόλιον ἢ τὴν | ἐσομένην ἐν τῇ ἀγορᾷ τιμήν. ἡ δὲ || πρᾶξεις {πρᾶξις} ἔστω Ἐριανοῦπι καὶ τοῖς συν|θιασίταις ἐκ τῶν Νεχούτου καὶ ἐκ τῶ[ν] | ὑπαρχόντων αὐτῷ πάντων πράσ|σοντι καθάπερ ἐγ {ἐκ} δίκης. | Ἑρμίας ὁ παρὰ Πανίσκου κεχρη(μάτικα).

Item added: December 31, 2015
Item modified: May 31, 2021
ID number: 20918
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