Associations in the Greco-Roman World (AGRW)

An expanding collection of inscriptions, papyri, and other sources in translation (run by Philip A. Harland)

Honors by a Merchant Caravan for Yaddai (210 CE) Palmyra - Syria and Phoenicia

Palmyra (Syria and Phoenicia, Greater Syria and the East — Pleiades map), 210/211 CE
IOriente 94 = CIS 2949 = IGR III 1051 = J. R. S. Sterrett, The Wolfe Expedition to Asia Minor (PASA, 3. Boston: Damrell and Upham, 1888) 442 (no. 641) = PHI 314537 = AGRW ID# 9053


Monument on a console in the grand colonnade with a bilingual inscription that is damaged on the right side (Greek and Palmyrene). On the typical caravan routes used by Palmyrene merchants, see the description of IOriente 83.

This is the statue of Yaddai, son of Taimarsu, grandson of Taime, great grandson of Moqimu, son of Garba, the chief of the caravan (synodiarchēs) of merchants (emporoi).  He has satisfied them everywhere . . . from Forat (?) . . . to Vologesias and has always lightened their load (?).  The caravan (synodia) which travels down with him set this up in his honor in the 522nd year in the month of Dystros.

(Palmyrene text follows).

Translation by: Harland

Ἰαδδαῖον Θαιμ[αρσᾶ τοῦ Θαιμῆ τοῦ] | Μοκίμου τοῦ Γα[ρβᾶ συνοδιάρχην] | τῶν ἐμπόρων καὶ [ἀρέσαντα] | αὐτοῖς πανταχοῦ [ἀπὸ Φοράθου] | καὶ Οὐλογ[α]ισιά[δο]ς [καὶ ἀεὶ] | αὐτοὺς κουφίσα[ντα ἡ σὺν αὐτῷ] | κατελθοῦσα συν[οδία τιμῆς] | χάριν ἔτους βκφʹ [μηνὸς Δύστρου]. {Aramaic text}

Item added: January 3, 2013
Item modified: January 22, 2016
ID number: 9053
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