Associations in the Greco-Roman World (AGRW)

An expanding collection of inscriptions, papyri, and other sources in translation (run by Philip A. Harland)

Honors by a Merchant Caravan for Taimarsu (193 CE) Palmyra - Syria and Phoenicia

Palmyra (Syria and Phoenicia, Greater Syria and the East — Pleiades map), 193 CE
IPalmyra 87 = IOriente 165 = CIS 3948 = IGR III 1050 = John Robert Sitlington Sterrett, The Wolfe Expedition to Asia Minor (PASA, 3. Boston: Damrell and Upham, 1888) 440-441 (no. 639) = AGRW ID# 9045


Drum of a column in the grand colonnade with bilingual inscription (Greek and Phoenician; 60 x 60 cm). On the typical caravan routes used by Palmyrene merchants, see the description of IOriente 83. Taimarsu's son, Yaddai, who was also a merchant, is attested in a fragmentary inscription involving merchants (IPalmyra 88 [211 CE]).

This is the statue of Taimarsu, son of Taime, grandson of Moqimu, great grandson of Garba, the chief of the caravan (synodiarchēs). . . .  The merchants (emporoi) (?) . . . who travel with him from Spasinou Charax set this up in his honor and in honor of Yaddai and Zabdibol, his sons, because he lavishly paid . . . 300 old gold denarii (denarii aurei [?]; Persian dinars [?]) of expenses for them and pleased them.  This was done in the 504th year in the month of Xandikos.

(Palmyrene text follows).

Translation by: Harland

τὸν ἀνδρ[ιάντα ἀ]νέστησαν [Θαι]μαρ|σᾷ Θαιμῇ τοῦ [Μο]κίμου τοῦ Γαβ[β]ᾶ [συν]|οδιάρχῃ, οἱ σὺν [αὐτῷ ἀ]ναβάντε[ς ἀπὸ] | Σπασίνου Χάρα[κος ἔμποροι ἀφειδήσαν] || τι αὐτοῖς χρυσᾶ παλαιὰ δηνά<ρι>[α] | τριακόσια ἀναλω[μ]άτων [καὶ ἀρέ]|σαντι αὐτοῖς, εἰς τειμὴν αὐ[τοῦ] | καὶ Ἰαδδαίου καὶ Ζαβδιβώλου υἱῶν | αὐτοῦ, ἔτους δφʹ Χανδικοῦ. || {Phoenician text}

IOriente 165: Facsimile by Sterrett 1888, 440 (no. 639).
Public domain.

Item added: January 3, 2013
Item modified: January 22, 2016
ID number: 9045
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