Associations in the Greco-Roman World (AGRW)

An expanding collection of inscriptions, papyri, and other sources in translation (run by Philip A. Harland)

Grave of the Brotherly-Loving Shippers (undated) Miletos area [Teichioussa] - Ionia

Miletos area [Teichioussa] (Ionia, Asia Minor — Pleiades map), undated
Georges Cousin and Gaston Deschamps, "Voyage en Asie Mineure," BCH 18 (1894) 5–43, at 21 (no. 11) = IGLAM 311 = PHI 256379 = AGRW ID# 10997


No description of monument in initial publication. Teichioussa was located about 18 km southeast of Didyma and about 14 km northwest of Iasos. It seems likely that this is a fictive use of brother language among members of a common occupation. Other apparent instances of fictive sibling language are found elsewhere in Caria, including "brother priests" at Halikarnassos (νίκη | Δράκοντος καὶ | Ἑκαταίου ἀδελ|φῶν ἱερέων; IGLAM 503b = PH258206; cf. IGLAM 503a = PH258205; PH258209; PH258214; PH258217)

This tomb belongs to Phillys, Phileros, Hermios, and Posidonios, the brotherly-loving (philadelphōn) male shippers (nauklēroi) of Phileros who don’t stray off course.  The tomb was made when Athenais was female crown-bearer.  He prepared it for them, for Esexilios (?) Synetos, and for their wives, their children, their wives’ children, and their descendents . . .  But no one else outside of this is to be buried here.

Translation by: Harland

ἡρῷον Φιλλῦ καὶ Φιλέρωτος καὶ Ἑρμίου καὶ Ποσιδωνίου τῶν Φιλέρωτος, φι|λαδέλφων ἀνδρῶν ναυκλήρων ἀπλανήτων. ἐγένετο τὸ ἡρῷον ἐπὶ στεφανηφόρου Ἀθη|ναΐδος, ὃ κατεσκεύασαν ἑαυτοῖς καὶ ΕΣΕΞΙλίῳ Συνέτῳ καὶ γυναιξὶ ἑαυτῶν καὶ τέκνοις ἑαυτῶν καὶ τέκνων | γυναιξὶ καὶ ἐκγόνοις Κ․[․․․․․․14․․․․․․]λί[ο]υ ․[—] ἔξον δὲ μὴ εἶναι ἐ[ξωτε]ρικόν τ[ιν]α τεθῆναι.

IGLAM 311: Facsimile by Cousin and Deschamps 1894, 21.
Public domain.


Item added: February 23, 2013
Item modified: December 8, 2015
ID number: 10997
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