Associations in the Greco-Roman World (AGRW)

An expanding collection of inscriptions, papyri, and other sources in translation (run by Philip A. Harland)

Dedication to Herakles Pharangeites by a Synod of Herakleians (150-200 CE) Kallatis - Scythia and Moesia

Kallatis (Scythia and Moesia, Danube and Black Sea areas — Pleiades map), 150-200 CE
IKallatis 72 = É. Chirica, "Le culte d'Héraclès Pharangetiès à Héraclée du Pont," RÉG 111 (1998) 722-731 = BE (1964), no. 290 = SEG 24 (1974), no. 1037 = PHI 173642 = AGRW ID# 14483
Copenhagen Inventory info: 1164


Slab of marble, now in the National Museum of History and Archaeology, Constanta (inv. 1483; 63 x 46-48 x 11 cm). This association is likely a group of immigrants from Pontic Herakleia. The group consists of 37 members gathered around a leader, and the names of members include Greek and Roman names alongside Thracian or Phrygian names (e.g. Rhesianos, Rhesios) and, perhaps, a Lycian name (Sinnos). The Herakles Pharangeites ("of the Ravine", from φάραγξ) in this inscription was perhaps a deity from the homeland (rather than a deity local to Kallatis). The epithet's reference to a ravine may be a reference to a locale where the deity's sanctuary was located (as Robert thought), or it may be a reference to a mythical ravine connected with the river Acheron in the underworld, for instance. See Chirica 1998.

To good fortune.  This was dedicated as a thanksgiving to Herakles Pharangeites (“of the Ravine”).  A synod of Herakleians (i.e. from Herakleia, likely the one in Pontus) who are gathered around Satyros son of Satyros set this up when Alexandros son of Herakleon was secretary (grammateus): Philoumenos son of Menios, Androneikos son of Satyros (?), Antonios son of Makedon, Herakleos son of Dionysios, Alexandros son of Alexandros, Marcus son of Antonius, Rhesianos son of Satrios, Kallistratos son of Kallistratos, Euboulos son of Apollophanes, Gaius son of Quintus, Diophantos son of Andromachos, Olympos son of Olympos, Helios son of Sinnos, Menephron son of Theophilos, Herakleon son of Gaius, Rhesios son of Satrios, Helios son of Helios, Theagenes son of Satyros, Caecilius Teimon, Herakleon son of Herakleios, Marcus son of Lucius, Niger son of Titus, Terentius Philon, Fronto son of Diophantes, Thrasymedes (?) son of Satyros, Herakleon son of Chrysogonos, Helios son of Helios, Flavius Herakleon, Gaius Agenoros, Helios son of Kerealios, Julianus son of Titus, Alexandros son of Titus (?), Quintus son of Sinnos, Demetrios son of Lucius, Kerealis son of Helios, Artemidoros son of Dionysios, and Artemidoros son of Artemidoros.

Translation by: Harland

[ἀγαθῇ] τύχῃ. | [Ἡρα]κλῇ Φαρανγείτῃ χαρι|[σ]τήριον· σύνοδος Ἡρακλε|ωτῶν τῶν περὶ Σάτυρον Σατύ||ρου, γραματεύοντος {γραμματεύοντος} Ἀλεξάνδ|ρου Ἡρακλέωνος· Φιλουμενὸς Μηνίου, | Ἀνδρόνεικος <Σ>ατύ(ρου?), Ἀντώνιος Μακεδόνος, | Ἡράκληο[ς] Διονυσί[ο]υ, Ἀλέξανδρος Ἀλεξάνδρ<ο>υ, | Μᾶρ[κος] Ἀντωνίου, Ῥησιανὸς Σατρίου, || Καλλίστρατος Καλισ(τράτου) {Καλλιστράτου}, Εὔβουλος Ἀπολ<λ>οφάνου, | Γάϊος Κοΐντου, vac. Διόφαντος Ἀνδρομάχου, | Ὄλυ<μ>πος Ὀλύμπου, Ἥλιος Σίνου {Σίννου}, | Μενέφρων Θεοφίλου, Ἡρακλέων Γαΐου, | Ῥήσιος Σάτριος, Ἥλιος Ἡλίου, || Θεαγένης Σατύρου, Καικίλιος Τείμων, | Ἡρακλέων Ἡράκλεος {Ἡράκλειος}, Μᾶρκος Λευκίου, | Νίγερ Τίτου, [vac.(?)] Τερέντιος Φίλων, | Φρόντων Διοφ[ά]ντου, [Θρα]συ[μ]ήδης Σατύρου, | Ἡρακλέων Χ[ρυ]σογ(όνου?), Ἥλιος Ἡλίου, || Φλά(βιος) Ἡρακλ[έων(?)], Γάϊος Ἀγήνορος, | Ἥλιος Κερε[α]λίου, Ἰουλιανὸς Τίτου, | Ἀλέξανδρος [Τίτ(?)]ου, Κ[ό]ϊντος Σίννου, | [Δ]ημήτριος Λουκίου, Κερεᾶλις Ἡλίου, | Ἀρτεμίδωρος Διονυσ[ίου], || Ἀρτεμίδωρος Ͻ.

Item added: November 3, 2013
Item modified: October 1, 2020
ID number: 14483
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