Associations in the Greco-Roman World (AGRW)

An expanding collection of inscriptions, papyri, and other sources in translation (run by Philip A. Harland)

Declaration by Hieroglyphic Carvers (107 CE) Oxyrhynchos - Upper Egypt

Oxyrhynchos (Upper Egypt, Egypt — Pleiades map), 107 CE (October 27)
GRA III 263 = POxy VII 1029 = SelPap II 316 = TM 20325 = AGRW ID# 31502


Papyrus (31.7 x 10.9 cm) now in the Egyptian Museum at Cairo (JdE 47429).

To Claudius Menander, royal scribe, from Teos the younger, son of Onnophris and grandson of Teos, his mother being Taseus, and Asklas son of Onnophris son of Osmolchis, his mother being Tesauris, both from the city of Oxyrhynchos, hieroglyphic carvers (hieroblyphoi): the list of ourselves and the same fellow carvers (synieroglyphoi) for the current 11th year of Trajan Caesar the Lord, as follows: In the quarter of the Tenth, Teos son of Onnophris, the aforementioned; Onnophris his brother; Asklas son of Onnophris, the aforementioned; the aforementioned Osmolchis his brother who is also a hieroglypic carver of Osiris the great god.

(second hand) Apis (?).

(first hand) In the quarter of the Processional way of Thoeris, Ptolemaios son of Petosorapis and grandson of Petosorapis, total, 5 men. We swear by the Emperor Caesar Nerva Trajan Augustus Germanicus Dacicus that we have honestly and truthfully presented the above mentioned list and that there are no more than these, and that we have no apprentices (mathētai) or visitors who are practicing the craft down to the present day.  Otherwise we will be subject to the consequences of failing to keep the oath. Year 11 of Emperor Caesar Nerva Trajan Augustus Germanicus Dacicus on the 29th of Phaophi.

Translation by: Kloppenborg

Κλαυδίῳ Μενάνδρῳ βασιλικῷ γραμματεῖ | παρὰ Τεῶτος νεωτέρου Ὀννώφριος τοῦ Τεῶτος | μητρὸς Τασεῦτος καὶ Ἀσκλᾶτος Ὀννώφρι[ο]ς | τοῦ Ὀσμόλχιος μητρὸς Τεσαύριος ἀμφοτέρων || ἀπʼ Ὀξυρύγχων πόλεως ἱερογλύφων τῶ̣\ν/ κε|χειρισμένω\ν/ ὑπὸ τῶν συνιερογλύφων· γρ[α]|φὴ ἡμῶν τε καὶ τῶν αὐτῶν συνιερογλύ|φων τοῦ ἐνεστῶτο[ς ἑ]νδεκάτου ἔτ[ο]υς | Τραιανοῦ Καίσαρος τοῦ κυρίου. || ὧν εἶναι· | Δεκάτης· | Τεῶς Ὀννώφριος ὁ προγεγραμμένος, | Ὀννῶφρις ἀδελφός, |Ἀσκλᾶς Ὀννώφρις ὁ προγεγραμμένος, || Ὀσμόλχις ἀδελφὸς ὢν καὶ ἱερογλύφο[ς] | Ὀσείρι\ο/ς θεοῦ μεγίστου.

{hand 2} Ἄπι(δος(?)) δρόμου Θοήριδος· | Πτολεμαῖς Πετοσοράπιος τοῦ Πετοσοράπιος. (γίνονται) ἄνδ(ρες) ε. || καὶ ὀμνύομεν Αὐτοκράτορα Καίσαρα | Νέρουαν Τραιανὸν [Σ]εβαστὸν Γερμανικὸν | Δακικὸν ἐξ ὑγιοῦς καὶ ἐπʼ ἀληθείας ἐπι|δεδωκέναι τὴν προκειμένην γραφὴν |καὶ πλείω τούτων μὴ εἶναι μηδὲ ἔχει[ν] || μαθητὰς ἢ ἐπιξένους χρωωμένους (χρωμένους) | τῇ τέχνῃ εἰς τὴν ἐνεστῶσαν ἡμέραν, | ἢ ἔνοχοι εἴημεν τῷ ὅρκῳ. (ἔτους) [ι]α Αὐτοκράτορος | Καίσαρος Νερούα Τραιανοῦ Σεβαστοῦ | Γερμανικοῦ Δακικοῦ Φαῶφι κθ. || ——.

Item added: July 15, 2020
Item modified: July 15, 2020
ID number: 31502
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