Associations in the Greco-Roman World (AGRW)

An expanding collection of inscriptions, papyri, and other sources in translation (run by Philip A. Harland)

Building Dedication by Menandros for the People and the Synod (I BCE) Nysa - Caria

Nysa (Caria, Asia Minor — Pleiades map), I BCE
IJO II 26 = DFSJ 31 = Louis Robert, “Inscriptions d’Asie Mineure du musée de Leyde," Hellenica 11-12 (1960) 214-262, at 261 = PHI 261518 = AGRW ID# 13021


Monument of marble. The likely identification of this synod as a Judean group is based on the simultaneous use of the term "people" (laos / λαός), which is rarely found used in this way outside of Judean circles (see Robert, p. 261 n.3, who thinks that the term makes no other interpretation possible). Lifshitz (DFSJ) dates the inscription to the 3rd or 4th century CE. However, Ameling (IJO) dates it to the first century BCE based on the form of the pi in lines 1-2 (see facsimile) and the absence of Roman-influenced names.

Menandros son of Apollonides arranged to have the area from the inscription to the east built for the people (laos) and the synod (synodos) which is gathered around Dositheos son of Theogenes.

Translation by: Harland

Μένανδρος Ἀπολλων<ί>δου ἐποίησεν ǀ οἰκο<δ>ομήσας τὸν τόπον ἀπὸ τῆς ǀ ἐπιγραφῆς τὸν πρὸς ἀνατ[ολ]ὴν ǀ τῶι λαῶι καὶ τῇ συνόδωι τ[ῶν περὶ] ǀǀ Δωσίθεον Θεογένου.

IJO II 26: Facsimile by P. Wolters, “Funde,” MDAI(A) 22 (1897) 484 (no. 2).
Public domain.

Item added: June 11, 2013
Item modified: December 10, 2015
ID number: 13021
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