Associations in the Greco-Roman World (AGRW)

An expanding collection of inscriptions, papyri, and other sources in translation (run by Philip A. Harland)

Grave of Zipyron with Bequest to Associations (II-III CE) Philippi - Macedonia

Philippi (Macedonia, Greece and Macedonia — Pleiades map), II-III CE
GRA I 69 = IPhilippiP II 133/G441 = AE 9-10 (1937) 340 no. 51 = BE (1938) no. 218 = AGRW ID# 15481
Copenhagen Inventory info: 1636


Slab of local marble found among the tombs outside the gate on the Via Egnatia towards Neapolis where it is still located, but it is apparently illegible at this point (126 x 64 x 40 cm; letter height: 5.4 cm in the first line – 3.0 in the final line). At the top is a relief of the busts of three draped people whose faces are mutilated. The sides of the stone are smooth but the back has been dug out in the shape of a washbasin. The inscription extends into the site of the stone that would be used to secure it to its base, indicating that it was not well calculated in advance.

Aurelius Zipyron, 30 years old, lies buried here. Valeria Mantana dedicated this for her own husband and herself while still alive.  If anyone removes this altar, they shall pay 1000 denarii to the city and 500 denarii to the informant.  According to the command of my husband, Aurelius Zipyron Dizas, I, Valeria Montana, gave 150 denarii to the banqueting-association (symposium) of the god Souregethēs before the marketplace beside the clock. Using the interest from these funds, they will light the tomb-side fire during the Rose festival (Rosalia).  But if they do not light the tomb-side fire, they shall pay double the above written amounts to the associates of the Hero shrine before the Torviana.

Translation by: Ascough

Αυρή(λιος) Ζιπύρων | ἐτῶν λ´ ἐνθάδε | κεῖται. Οὐαλ(ερία) Μαντάνα | τῷ εἰδίῳ, ἀνδρὶ καὶ || αἱυτῇ ζῶσα ἐποί|ησεν. ἐὰν δέ τις | μεταρῇ τὸν βωμὸν | τοῦτον, δώσι τῇ πώλι | X χίλια καὶ δηλάτω||ρι X φ´. | Οὐαλερία Μοντάνα κα|τὰ κέλευσιν τοῦ ἀνδρὸς Αὐρη|λίου Ζιπύρωνος Δίζανος · ἔδω|κα συνποσίῳ Θεοῦ Σουρεγέθου || πρὸς τὴν ἀγορὰν παρὰ τὸ ὡρο|[λ]όγιν X ρν´ · ἀφ’ ὧν ἐκ τῶν τόκ[ων] | [π]αρακαύσωσιν κατὰ ῥόδοις· [ἐὰν] | [δὲ] μὴ παρακαύσωσιν, δώσο[υσιν] | [πρ]οστείμου τὰ προγεγράμμ[ενα] || [δι]πλᾶ τοῖς ποσιασταῖς ῞Ηρ[ωνος] | [πρὸ]ς τὰ Τορβιανά.

Item added: April 5, 2014
Item modified: March 29, 2021
ID number: 15481
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