Associations in the Greco-Roman World (AGRW)

An expanding collection of inscriptions, papyri, and other sources in translation (run by Philip A. Harland)

[89] Manumission of Three Slaves in a Judean Prayer-house (53 CE) Phanagoria - Bosporan region

Phanagoria (Bosporan region, Danube and Black Sea areas — Pleiades map), 53 CE (Mar.-April)
AGRW 89 = IJO I BS18 = SEG 43 (1993), no. 510 = PHI 339520 = AGRW ID# 1835


Block of light yellow marble, reused several times (35.8 x 22.9 x 10.8-12.1 cm). Now at the Institute of Archaeology of the Russian Academy of Sciences, collection of the Phanagorion Expedition, Moscow.

During the reign of king Kotys in the 348th year on the first of the month of Xandikos, Psycharion and his sons, Sogos and Anos, set free Karsandanos, Karagos, and Metroteimos in the prayer–house (proseuchē), not subject to control and unhindered apart from service (or: attendance) at and respect towards the prayer–house, (10) and to establish their freedoms (?).  The synagogue (synagōgē) of the Judeans has been designated joint guardian.

Translation by: Harland

[β]α̣σιλε<ύ>ον[τος] βα̣ǀσι̣λέως Κότυ̣ος ǀ ἔτους <η>μτʹ, μηνὸς ǀ Ξ̣ανδικοῦ αʹ· Ψυχα̣ǀǀρίων, Σόγος, Ἄνος ǀ [ο]ἱ̣ τούτο<υ> ὑειοί (ὑιοί)· Καρǀσάνδανος καὶ Κάρǀαγος καὶ Μ̣<η>τ̣ρ̣όǀτ̣ε̣ιμος ἄφετοι τῇ ǀǀ προσευχῇ, ἀνεπίλ̣<η>ǀπτοι, ἀνεπικόλυǀτοι, χωρὶς εἰς τὴν ǀ προ<σ>ευχὴν προσκαρ̣ǀτ̣ερήσεως καὶ θωπίαǀǀς̣· καὶ ἔσταν ἄφετ̣[ο]ǀ[ι] συνεπιτροπευο̣ύ̣σ̣ǀη̣ς τῆς συναγω̣[γῆ]ǀ[ς] τῶν Ἰουδαίǀων.

Item added: June 15, 2012
Item modified: October 20, 2014
ID number: 1835
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