Associations in the Greco-Roman World (AGRW)

An expanding collection of inscriptions, papyri, and other sources in translation (run by Philip A. Harland)

[316] Dedication to Zeus by Phrygian Immigrants (3 BCE) Pompeii [from Alexandria] - Campania

Pompeii [from Alexandria] (Campania, Italy — Pleiades map), 3 BCE
AGRW 316 = IAlexandriaK 74 = IGRR I 458 = PHI 227164 = AGRW ID# 1850
Copenhagen Inventory info: 1491


Base of black basalt. Found in the forum of Pompeii in 1818, originally from Alexandria in Egypt (as indicated by the form of dating). It was brought to Pompeii before the volcanic eruption of 79 CE, perhaps by Hephaistion himself or other members of this Phrygian association.

Gaius Julius Hephaistion, son of Hephaiston, having served as priest of the corporate body (politeuma) of Phrygians, dedicated this to Phrygian Zeus. The twenty-seventh year of Caesar (Augustus), month of Pharmouthi, Augustan day.

Translation by: Harland

Γάιος Ἰούλιος Ἡφαιστίωνο<ς> | υἱὸς Ἡφαιστίων ἱερατεύσας | τοῦ πολιτεύματος τῶν Φρυ|γῶν ἀνέθηκε Δία Φρύγιον || (ἔτους) κζʹ Καίσαρ<ος> Φαρμου<θὶ> Σεβαστῇ.

Item added: June 15, 2012
Item modified: June 1, 2021
ID number: 1850
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