Associations in the Greco-Roman World (AGRW)

An expanding collection of inscriptions, papyri, and other sources in translation (run by Philip A. Harland)

[25] Grave Mentioning a Female Cowherd (imperial era) Kenchreai - Peloponnesos

Kenchreai (Peloponnesos, Greece and Macedonia — Pleiades map), imperial era
AGRW 25 = IG IV 207 = PHI 27703 = AGRW ID# 2516
Copenhagen Inventory info: 542


The term “cowherd” is sometimes used for a member of an association devoted to the god Dionysos. The male name Apphys seems to be a Lydian name (e.g. TAM V.1 276, 351, 470a); Apphydis would be the female equivalent. Both likely derive from a term of endearment (apphys or appha) used among family members.

For Flavius Troilos Phokas, brother, and for Apphys, (female) cowherd (boukola), as a memorial for the worthy deceased. Farewell.

Translation by: Ascough

Φλάβιοι Τρωίλοι | Φωκαεῖς ἀδελφῷ | καὶ Ἀπφύδι βουκόλᾳ | μνείας χάριν || ἥρως χρηστέ· | χαῖρε.

Item added: August 12, 2012
Item modified: September 4, 2020
ID number: 2516
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