Associations in the Greco-Roman World (AGRW)

An expanding collection of inscriptions, papyri, and other sources in translation (run by Philip A. Harland)

[165] Honors by Physicians for the Chief-physician of Emperor Trajan (102-114 CE) Ephesos - Ionia

Ephesos (Ionia, Asia Minor — Pleiades map), ca. 102-114 CE
AGRW 165 = IEph 719 = PHI 249247 = AGRW ID# 1296


Base found in the “apsidal building.” Tiberius Claudius Demostratos Caelianus is also attested as priest of the physicians in IEph 1168 + IEph 4101b. T. Statilius Kriton (Crito) of Herakleia Salbake in Caria was the personal chief-physician of Trajan, attending Trajan on at least one Dacian campaign (see ICariaR 49, 75). Galen refers to Kriton’s works, which included Getica and Cosmetica (cf. Galen, 12.455; Martial, 11.60.6). At least two inscriptions from Kriton’s hometown make mention of him. In his will, Kriton had evidently arranged for the erection of a statue of Trajan and, on another occasion, his son also set up a monument in Kriton’s honor (ICariaR 49, 75).

The physicians (iatroi) who sacrifice to ancestor Asklepios and to the Augusti (Sebastoi) honored T. Statilius Kriton, chief–physician (archiatros), procurator of emperor Nerva Trajan Caesar Augustus, victorious in Germany and Dacia, and priest of the Lords (Anaktores), of King Alexander, and of Gaius and Lucius, (10) the grandsons of Augustus.  When Tiberius Claudius Demostratos Caelianus was priest and L. Atilius Varus was leader (archōn) of the physicians, C. Arrius Hermeros and his sons, Arrius Celsianus and Arrius Celsus, set up the honor from their own resources as he (Hermeros) had promised the physicians.

Translation by: Harland

[οἱ] θύοντες τῷ προπά|τορι Ἀσκληπιῷ καὶ τοῖς | Σεβαστοῖς ἰατροὶ ἐτείμησαν | Τ. Στατίλιον Κρίτωνα τὸν || ἀρχίατρον καὶ ἐπίτροπον Αὐτο|κράτορος Νέρουα Τραϊανοῦ Καίσα|ρος Σεβαστοῦ Γερμανικοῦ Δακικοῦ | καὶ ἱερέα Ἀνακτόρων καὶ Ἀλεξάν|δρου βασιλέως καὶ Γαΐου καὶ Λουκίου || τῶν ἐκγόνων τοῦ Σεβαστοῦ· | ἐπὶ ἱερέως Τιβ. Κλαυδίου Δημοστρά|τ̣ου Καιλιανοῦ, ἄρχοντος τῶν | [ἰ]ατρῶν Λ. Ἀτιλίου Οὐάρου | [κατ]ασκευάσαντος τὴν τειμὴν ὡς ὑπέσχετο τοῖς ἰατροῖς || [ἐκ] τῶν ἰδίων Γ. Ἀρρίου Ἑρμέρωτος | [καὶ] τῶν ὑῶν αὐτοῦ Ἀρρίων Κελσιανοῦ | καὶ Κέλσου.

Item added: December 9, 2011
Item modified: February 21, 2016
ID number: 1296
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