Associations in the Greco-Roman World (AGRW)

An expanding collection of inscriptions, papyri, and other sources in translation (run by Philip A. Harland)

Official Record of Claims by Associations on Defaulted Loans to Theosebes (367/366 BCE) Athens - Attica


Athens (Attica, Greece and Macedonia — Pleiades map), 367/366 BCE
Margaret Crosby and John Young, "Greek Inscriptions: A Poletai Record of the Year 367/6 B.C.," Hesperia 10 (1941) 14-30 = SEG 12 (1955), no. 100 = PHI 232637  = ID# 22663


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Slab of Pentelic marble with a egg-and-dart moulding at the top (92.2 x 39.2-36 x 9.7-13.2 cm). Found in 1938 beneath the Tholos floor (inv. I 5509). For discussion of this document, see also Ferguson 1944, 83 (no. 5); Harris 1988, 355.

(Lines 1-39)  The officials in charge of sales (pōletai) when Polyzelos was civic leader (archōn)–Polyeuktos from Lamptrai subdivision, Deinias from Erchia, Theaios from Paiania, Theotimos from Phrearrhoi, Aristogenes from Iphistiadai, Glaukon from Lakiadai, Kephisokles from Peiraeus, and Nikokles from Anaphlystos, whose secretary was Exekestos from Kothokidai–sold the following property, having received it from the board of Eleven, namely from Phaiax from Aphidnai subdivision and his colleagues.

On the 10th of the month of Mounichion, Theomnestos son of Deisitheos from Ionidai registered as property of the People the house in Alopeke of Theosebes son of (10) Theophilos from Xypete.  The boundaries of the house are, on the north, the road leading to the sanctuary of Daidalos and the sanctuary of Daidalos itself and, on the south, the property of Philippos from Agryle subdivision.  The property was registered as property of the People because Theosebes was found guilty of sacrilege and did not remain for the trial.  He (Theomnestos) registered the house since the value was greater than the 150 drachmas for which it was mortgaged to Smikythos from Teithras.  Witnesses: Diogeiton from Alopeke and Philoitios from Ionidai.

Kichonides son of Diogeiton from Gargettos and the members of the brotherhood (phrateres) of the Medontidians claimed that 100 drachmas were owed to him and the members of the brotherhood on the house in Alopeke (20) which Theomnestos from Ionidai registered as the property of Theosebes from Xypete.  The boundaries of the house are, on the north, the road leading to the sanctuary of Daidalos and the sanctuary of Daidalos itself and, on the south, the property of Philip from Agryle.  “For Theophilos from Xypete, the father of Theosebes, sold (on condition of release) this house to me and the brothers” (i.e. a citation of the claim of Kichonides).  It was decided that the money was owed.

Isarchos son of Philon from Xypete argued that 30 drachmas were owed to him on the house in Alopeke which Theomnestos son of Deisitheos from Ionidai registered: “For I buried Theophilos, whose house this was, as well as the wife of Theophilos.”  It was decided that the money was (30) owed.

Aischines from Melite subdivision and the association (koinon) of the sacrificing associates (orgeōnes) claimed that 24 drachmas were owed them on the house which Theomnestos from Ionidai registered: “For we bought this house from Theophilos for this amount on condition of release (of the property if the loan was repaid).”  It was decided that the money was owed.

The purchaser was Lysanias son of Palathion from Lakiadai subdivision at the price of 575 drachmas.  Of this amount, the city keeps one fifth, the sales tax, and the auctioneer’s fees, and Smikythos from Teithras keeps 150 drachmas.  The sum was paid all at once in accordance with the written document.

Translation by: Harland



{lines 1-39 only:} ἐπὶ Πολυζήλο ἄρχοντος πωληταί | Πολύευκτος Λαμπτρεύς, Δεινίας Ἐρχιεύς, Θεαῖος | Παιανιεύς, Θεότιμος Φρεάρριος, Ἀριστογένης Ἰφ|ιστιάδης, Γλαύκων Λακιάδης, Κηφισοκλέης Πειρα||ιεύς, Νικοκλέης Ἀναφλύστιος, οἷς Ἐξήκεστος Κοθ|ωκίδης ἐγραμμάτευεν, τάδε ἀπέδοντο παραλαβόν|τες παρὰ τῶν ἕνδεκα Φαίακος Ἀφιδναίο καὶ συναρ|χόντων· Μονιχιῶνος δεκάτηι ἱσταμένο, Θεόμνηστ|ος Δεισιθέο Ἰωνίδης ἀπέγραψεν Θεοσέβος τοῦ Θε||οφίλο Ξυπεταιόνος οἰκίαν Ἀλωπεκῆσιν δημοσία|ν εἶναι, ἧι γείτων βορρᾶ ∶ ἡ ὁδὸς ἡ ἐς τὸ Δαιδάλειον | φέρουσα καὶ τὸ Δαιδάλειον νοτόθεν ∶ Φίλιππος Ἀγ|ρυλῆ, ἁλόντος Θεοσέβος ἱεροσυλίας καὶ οὐχ ὑπομ|είναντος τὴν κρίσιν ὅσωι πλείονος ἀξία ἢ ὑπόκε||ιται Σμικύθωι Τειθρασίωι ∶ Η𐅄 δραχμῶν, κλητῆρ Δι|ογείτων Ἀλωπεκῆθεν, Φιλοίτιος Ἰωνίδης· Κιχωνί|δης Διογείτονος Γαργήτ καὶ κοινὸν φρατέρων Με|δοντιδῶν ἐνεπησκήψατο ἐνοφείλεσθαι ἑαυτῶι κ|αὶ τοῖς φράτερσι ἐν τῆι οἰκίαι τῆι Ἀλωπεκῆσι Η δ||ραχμάς, ἣν ἀπέγραψεν Θεόμνηστος Ἰωνί Θεοσέβος | εἶναι Ξυπετα ἧι γείτων βορρᾶ ἡ ὁδὸς ἡ ἐς τὸ Δαιδά|λε<ι>ον φέρουσα καὶ τὸ Δαιδάλειον, νοτόθεν Φίλιππ|ος Ἀγρυλῆ, ἀποδομένο ἐμο<ὶ> καὶ τοῖς φράτερσιν τὴ|ν οἰκίαν ταύτην Θεοφίλου Ξυπε ∶ το͂ πατρὸς τοῦ Θεο||σέβος· ἔδοξεν ἐνοφείλεσθαι. Ἴσαρχος Φίλωνος Ξυπ|ε{∶}ται {Ξυπεται} ∶ ἀμφισβητεῖ ἐνοφείλεσθαι ἑαυτῶι ἐν τῆι οἰ|κίαι τῆι Ἀλωπεκῆσι ἣν ἀπέγραψεν Θεόμνηστος Δε|ισιθέο Ἰωνίδης, θάψαντος ἐμο͂ Θεόφιλον ὁ͂ ἦν ἡ οἰκ|ία καὶ τὴν γυναῖκα τὴν Θεοφίλο ΔΔΔ ∶ δραχμάς. ἔδοξ|| εν ἐνοφείλεσθαι. Αἰσχίνης Μελιτε<ὺς> καὶ κοινὸν ὀ|ργεώνων ἐνεπεσκήψαντο ἐν τῆι οἰκίαι ἣν ἀπέγραψ|εν Θεόμνηστος Ἰωνίδης ἐνοφείλεσθαι ἑαυτοῖς ∶ | ΔΔ𐅂𐅂𐅂𐅂 δραχμάς, πριαμένων ἡμῶν τὴν οἰκίαν ταύτ|ην παρὰ Θεοφίλου τούτο τοῦ ἀργυρίο ἐπὶ λύσει. ἔδ||οξεν ἐνοφείλεσθαι. ὠνητής, Λυσανίας Παλαθίωνο|ς Λακι 𐅅𐅄ΔΔ𐅃· τούτο τὴν προκαταβολὴν τὸ πέμπτον | μέρος ἔχει ἡ πόλις καὶ τὰ ἐπώνια καὶ τὰ κηρύκεια | καὶ Σμίκυθος Τειθράσιος τὰς πεντήκοντα καὶ ἑκ|ατόν· ἀθρόον κατὰ τὴν ἀπογραφήν.

Item added: February 15, 2016
Item modified: February 23, 2016
ID number: 22663
Short link address:
http://www.philipharland.com/greco-roman-associations/?p=22663

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