Associations in the Greco-Roman World (AGRW)

An expanding collection of inscriptions, papyri, and other sources in translation (run by Philip A. Harland)

Loan Agreement between the Judeans Judas and Agathokles (174 BCE) Trikomia - Fayum region


Trikomia (Fayum region, Egypt — Pleiades map), 174 BCE (16 April)
PTebt III 818 = CPJ I 24 = TM 2945  = ID# 25364


bibliography            

Both the contracting parties and the witnesses mentioned in the loan are Judeans, many descended from early military settlers ("Judeans by the descent").

. . . In the seventh year of the reign of Ptolemy son of Ptolemy and Kleopatra, Manifest (Epiphaneis) deities, when Philostratos son of Name was priest of Alexander, the Saviour gods, the Brother gods, the Benefactor gods, the Father-loving gods, (?) . . . the Manifest gods, and the Mother-loving gods, when Aspasia daughter of Chrysermos was prize-bearer (athlophoros) of Berenike the Benefactor, Isidora daughter of Apollonios was basket-bearer (kanēphoros) of Brother-loving Arsinoe, and Eirene daughter of Ptolemy was priestess of Father-loving Arsinoe, on the thirteenth of the month of Gorpiaios which is the thirteenth of Phamenoth, in Trikomia in the subdivision of Themistes in the Arsinoites district (nome).

Judas son of Josephos, Judean by the descent, has loaned to Agathokles son of Ptolemy, Judean of the detachment of Molossos stationed in the Herakleopolite district at a rank with pay, 2 talents (2 x 6,000 = 12,000 drachmas) and 500 hundred drachmas of copper money for twelve months from the date written above with interest at 2 drachmas per mina per month (i.e. 24% per year).  This loan is the amount which Agathokles still owed to Judas out of five talents (5 x 6,000 = 30,000 drachmas) which he had received from Judas as an advance for a shared retail business according to a written agreement, of which Ananias son of Jonathan, Judean by the descent, is keeper of the agreement.  Let Agathokles repay to Judas the stated loan and the interest in the month of Mecheir in the eighth year. But if he does not repay it as written, he shall pay an additional half that amount.  This agreement is valid.

Witnesses: Deinias son of Aineas, Thraseas son of Sosibios, Thebon son of Phanokles, Samaelos son of Joannes, all four Judeans by the descent; Theodoros son of Theodoros, who is also known as Samaelos and Nikanor son of Jason, both Judeans, owners of properties measuring at least 8o arouras (one arouros was about 2735 meters squared), commanders of the cavalry settled by Dositheos.

I, Agathokles, have received the 2 talents and the 500 hundred drachmas, the amount of the loan written above, and have deposited the valid agreement with Deinias as keeper of the agreement.

Translation by: Harland



[βασιλεύοντος Πτολεμαίου τοῦ Πτολεμαίου καὶ Κλεοπάτρας] | [θεῶν Ἐπιφανῶν ἔτους ἑβδόμου, ἐφʼ ἱερέως Φιλοστράτου] | [τοῦ - ca.11 - Ἀλεξάνδρου καὶ θεῶν Σω]τήρων καὶ θεῶν | [Ἀδε]λφῶν καὶ θ[εῶν Εὐερ]γε[τ]ῶν καὶ θεῶν Φιλοπατόρων καὶ || θεῶν Ἐπιφανῶν κ[αὶ θεῶν Φ]ιλομητόρων, ἀθλοφόρου Βερενίκης Εὐερ|γέτιδος Ἀσπασίας τῆς Χρυσέρμου, κανηφόρου Ἀρσινόης Φιλαδέλφ[ου] | Ἰσιδώρας τῆς Ἀπολλωνίου, ἱερείας Ἀρσινόης Φιλοπάτορος Εἰρήνης | τῆς Πτολεμαίου, μηνὸς Γορπιαίου τρεισκαιδεκάτηι Φαμενὼθ | τρεισκαιδεκάτηι, ἐν Τρικωμίαι τῆς Θεμίστου μερίδος τοῦ || Ἀρσινοίτου νομοῦ. ἐδάνεισεν Ἰούδας Ἰωσήφου Ἰουδαῖος τῆς | ἐπιγονῆς Ἀγαθοκλεῖ Πτολεμαίου Ἰουδαίωι τῶν Μολοσσ̣σ̣ο̣ῦ̣ <Μολοσσοῦ> | ἐν τῶι Ἡρακλεοπολίτηι τεταγμένων πεζῶν τακτομίσθω̣[ι], | χαλκοῦ νομίσματος τάλαντα δύο καὶ δραχμὰς πεντακο|σίας εἰς μῆνας δεκαδύο ἀπὸ τοῦ προγεγραμμένου χρόνου τόκου || ὡς ἐγ <ἐκ> δύο δραχμῶν τὴν μνᾶν ἑκάστην τὸν μῆνα ἕκαστον. | τοῦτο δʼ ἐστι τὸ δάνειον ὃ προσωφείλησεν Ἀγαθοκλῆς Ἰούδα[ι] | ἀπὸ τῶν πέντε ταλάντων ὧν εἰλήφη <ληφη> παρὰ τοῦ Ἰούδου εἰς προ|βολὴν κοινῆς ἐργασίας μεταβολικῆς κατὰ συγγραφὴν ὁμο|λογίας ἐφʼ ἧς συγγραφοφύλαξ Ἀνανίας Ἰωνάθου Ἰουδαῖος || τῆς ἐπιγονῆς. ἀποδότω δὲ Ἀγαθοκλῆς Ἰούδαι τὸ διασε|σαφημένον δάνειον καὶ τοὺς τόκους ἐμ <ἐν> μηνὶ Μεχεὶρ τοῦ | ὀγδόου ἔτους, ἐὰν δὲ μὴ ἀποδῶι καθὰ γέγραπται, ἀποτει|σάτω ἡμιόλιον. ἡ συγγραφὴ κυρία. μάρτυρες Δεινίας Αἰνέου, | Θρασέας <θρασας> Σωσιβίου, Θήβων Φανοκλέους, Σαμάηλος Ἰωάνου, οἱ τέσ||σαρες Ἰουδαῖοι τῆς ἐπιγονῆς, Θεόδωρος Θεοδώρου ὃς καὶ Σαμάηλος | καλεῖται, Νικάνωρ Ἰάσονος, οἱ δύο Ἰουδαῖοι τῶν διὰ Δωσιθέου | τῆς πρώτης ἱππαρχίας ὀγδοηκοντάρουροι. | vac. (?) [ - - διὰ - - ] ̣[ - - ] |
{hand 2} Ἀγαθοκλῆς ἔχω τὰ δύο τάλα[ντα καὶ τὰς πεντακοσίας δραχμὰς] || τοῦ χαλκοῦ τὸ προγεγραμμένον δάνει̣[ο]ν̣, τ̣[έ]θειμαι τὴν συνγραφὴν | κυρίαν παρὰ συνγραφοφύλακι Δεινίαι.

Item added: June 20, 2019
Item modified: June 20, 2019
ID number: 25364
Short link address:
http://www.philipharland.com/greco-roman-associations/?p=25364

Leave a Question, Comment or Correction

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

*