Associations in the Greco-Roman World (AGRW)

An expanding collection of inscriptions, papyri, and other sources in translation

[312] Honors by the Wandering Athletic Synod for T. Flavius Archibios (ca. 110 CE) Neapolis - Campania


Neapolis (Campania, Italy — Pleiades map)
AGRW 312 = INeapolis 51 = IG XIV 747 = CIG 5804 = PHI 177663  = ID# 22251

 ca. 110 CE

bibliography            

Slab of marble (133 x 64 x 59.8 cm). Now in the Museo Archeologico Nazionale (inv. 2454). The Greek term pankration, literally meaning “all powers” but translated “kick-boxing” here, refers to a combat sport that combined boxing and wrestling with the use of punching, kicking, choking, and pressure holds (cf. Philostratos, On Gymnastics). For further discussion and bibliography on T. Flavius Archibios, see Christian Wallner, "M. Ulpius Heliodoros und T. Flavius Archibios. Beobachtungen zu ihren Ehreninschriften (IG IV 591; I. Napoli I,51)," Nikephoros 14 (2001) 91–108.

To good fortune.  The emperor-loving and Roman-loving travelling pious . . . synod (synodos) (?) . . . of Alexandrians honored Titus Flavius Archibios of Quirina tribe, the . . . Alexandrian, high-priest for life of the whole athletic meeting, and incredible victor.  At the 220th and 221st Olympic competitions, he won for men’s kick-boxing (pankration).  At the Capitoline competitions in Rome, he was crowned for youths’ (beardless’) kick-boxing in the third great quinquennial competitions, he won four times for men’s kick-boxing, and he was crowned five times for men’s kick-boxing . . . (missing words). . . .   He received the victor’s crown in:

  • the Herakles competitions for the triumph of emperor Nero Trajan Caesar Augustus, who was victorious in Germany and Dacia, for men’s kick-boxing;
  • the Pythian competitions for youths’ kick-boxing, in the sixth pythiad for men’s wrestling and kick-boxing, and in the sixth pythiad for men’s kick-boxing as first among the men;
  • the Nemeian competitions for boys’ . . . kick-boxing (?) . . ., three times for men’s kick-boxing as first among the men in the subsequent competitions . . . (two or three missing words) . . ., and for men’s kick-boxing in the subsequent competitions;
  • the Actian competitions for youths’ wrestling and kick-boxing and for men’s kick-boxing as first among the men in the subsequent competitions;
  • the Neapolitan competitions for . . .  youths’ (?) . . . kick-boxing, twice for men’s wrestling and kick-boxing in the subsequent competitions, and for men’s kick-boxing as first among the men in the subsequent competitions;
  • the Balbileian competitions in Ephesos for . . . men’s wrestling. . ., boxing and kick-boxing as first among the men;
  • the sacred quinquennial Actian . . . competitions (?) . . . in Antioch for boys’ kick-boxing, for youths’ . . . wrestling and boxing (?) in the subsequent quinquennial competitions , . . . for men’s kick-boxing in the subsequent competitions, and likewise for men’s . . . kick-boxing (?) . . . as first among the men in further subsequent competitions;
  • the League of Asia’s competitions at Smyrna for youths’ wrestling . . . and kick-boxing (?);
  • the sacred quinquennial Actian competitions in Alexandria for . . . boys’ kick-boxing, for men’s kick-boxing after one quinquennial period, likewise for men’s kick-boxing in the subsequent competitions, for men’s wrestling and kick-boxing as first among the men in the subsequent competitions;
  • the Argos competitions from which he gained the shield;
  • and, other of the greatest quinquennial . . . competitions (?) . . . for boys, youths, and men in wrestling and kick-boxing.
Translation by: Harland



ἀγαθῆι τύχηι. | ἡ φιλοσέβαστος καὶ φιλορώμα[ιος Ἀλε]|ξανδρέων περιπολιστικὴ εὐσεβὴ[ς σύνοδος] | ἐτίμησεν ∙ Τ(ίτον) ∙ Φλάουιον ∙ Κυρ(είνα) ∙ Ἀρχίβιον τὸν [․․ca.7․․] || Ἀλεξανδρέα, ἀρχιερέα διὰ βίου τοῦ σύμπ[αντος ξυστοῦ], | παραδοξονίκην, νικήσαντα τὴν ∙ σκ ∙ ὀλυ[μπιάδα καὶ] | τὴν ∙ σκα ∙ ὀλυμπιάδα ἀνδρῶν παγκράτ[ιον καὶ ἐν] | Ῥώμηι τὰ μεγάλα Καπετώλεια τὴν τρίτη[ν πενταετηρίδα] | ἀγενείων παγκράτιον στεφανωθέντα κα[ὶ τὴν τετάρτην] || ἀνδρῶν παγκράτιον νικήσαντα καὶ τὴν πέμπ[την ἀνδρῶν] | παγκράτιον στεφανωθέντα καὶ τὴν ἕκτην ὁ[μοίως ἀνδρῶν] | παγκράτιον στεφανωθέντα πρῶτον ἀνθρώπω[ν· τὰ ἐν . .ca.5․ .] | Ἡράκλεια ἐπινίκια Αὐτοκράτορος Νέρουα Τραιανοῦ Κ[αίσαρος Σεβαστοῦ] | Γερμανικοῦ Δακικοῦ στεφανωθέντα ἀνδρῶν παγκρά[τιον· Πύθια ἀγενείων] || παγκράτιον καὶ τῆι ἑξῆς πυθιάδι ἀνδρῶν πάλην καὶ π[αγκράτιον καὶ τῆι] | ἑξῆς ἀνδρῶν παγκράτιον πρῶτον ἀνθρώπων· Νέμεια π[αίδων παγκράτιον] | καὶ τρὶς κατὰ τὸ ἑξῆς ἀνδρῶν παγκράτιον πρῶτον ἀν[θρώπων· ․․․ca.9․․․] | ἀνδρῶν παγκράτιον· Ἄκτια ἀγενείων πάλη<ν> παγκράτ[ιον καὶ (num.) κατὰ] | τὸ ἑξῆς ἀνδρῶν παγκράτιον πρῶτον ἀνθρώπων· Νέαν π[όλιν ἀγενείων] || παγκράτιον καὶ δὶς κατὰ τὸ ἑξῆς ἀνδρῶν παγκράτιον· [․․ca.8․․․ ἀγενεί]|ων πάλην παγκράτιον καὶ δὶς κατὰ τὸ ἑξῆς ἀνδρῶν πάλην παγκρ[άτιον, καὶ τῇ ἑξῆς] | ἀνδρῶν παγκράτιον πρῶτον ἀνθρώπων· τὰ ἐν Ἐφέσωι Βαλβίλλεια [ἀνδρῶν πάλην πυγ]|μὴν παγκράτιον πρῶτον ἀνθρώπων καὶ τὸν ἐν Ἀντιοχείαι ἱερὸν πεν[ταετηρικὸν ἀγῶνα] | Ἀκτιακῶν παίδων παγκράτιον καὶ τῆι ἑξῆς πενταετηρίδι ἀγεν[είων πάλην καὶ πυγ]||μὴν καὶ τῆι ἑξῆς ἀνδρῶν παγκράτιον καὶ τῆι ἑξῆς ὁμοίως ἀνδ[ρῶν παγκράτιον] | πρῶτον ἀνθρώπων· Σμύρναν κοινὸν Ἀσίας ἀγενείων πά[λην παγκράτιον] | καὶ τὸν ἐν Ἀλεξανδρείᾳ ἱερὸν πενταετηρικὸν ἀγῶνα Ἀκ[τιακῶν παίδων] | παγκράτιον καὶ μετὰ μίαν πενταετηρίδα ἀνδρῶν πα[γκράτιον] | καὶ τῆι ἑξῆς ὁμοίως ἀνδρῶν παγκράτιον καὶ τῆι ἑ[ξῆς — — —] || ἀνδρῶν πάλην παγκράτιον πρῶτον ἀνθρώπων· ἔχε[ι δὲ καὶ τὴν ἐξ] | Ἄργους ἀσπίδα καὶ ἄλλους πλείστους πενταετηρικ[οὺς ἀγῶνας] | παίδων, ἀγενείων, ἀνδρῶν πάλας καὶ παγκράτια.

Item added: January 30, 2016
Item modified: February 21, 2016
ID number: 22251
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http://www.philipharland.com/greco-roman-associations/?p=22251

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