Associations in the Greco-Roman World (AGRW)

An expanding collection of inscriptions, papyri, and other sources in translation (run by Philip A. Harland)

Honorary Decree for Kallikrates by the Athletic Synod (117-138 CE) Aphrodisias - Caria


Aphrodisias (Caria, Asia Minor — Pleiades map), 117-138 CE
GRA 142 = IAph 12.719 = PPA 89 = PHI 265181  = ID# 5574


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Statue base shaft of white marble (84 x 46.5 x 50 cm).

It was resolved by the sacred, pious and reverent traveling … athletic synod (?) … and the whole athletic meeting gathered around both … Herakles (?) … and the emperor Caesar Trajan Hadrian Augustus to send this decree to the most sacred Council and People (dēmos) of the Aphrodisians. Since Kallikrates son of Diogenes from Aphrodisias, kick–boxer (pankratiastēs), sacred victor, … multiple (?) (10) victor, who has turned to the ways of excellence from the youngest age, obtained by sweat and labour his glorious reputation, and came to be … admired (?) by all men throughout the inhabited world for the complete wisdom which he obtained through his love of labour.  For, having excelled all the ancients in his physical stature, he was admired … for his physical stature (?), and, taking care of his soul, he was congratulated on his conduct. On account of all these things, malicious (20) Envy crept towards his glorious reputation and, resenting our common good, took it away by tying up the part of the body most useful to kick–boxers: the shoulders. For this reason it was resolved, with good fortune, to ask the city of the Aphrodisians for suitable locations to set up images of the great sacred victor and to set up a statue, as we have also done in Ephesos—the metropolis of Asia—with the honorific images having appropriate inscriptions concerning Kallikrates. (30) This was done in order that, through this decree, these gifts of honours may alleviate our fellow–athlete’s (synathlētēs) sadness due to inevitable destiny.

Translation by: Harland



[. . . . . . ca. 12 . . . . . .]Ι̣Τ̣Ο̣[·]Ξ̣·[. . . ca. 5 . .] | [. . . . . ca. 9 . . . .] Ι̣, ἔδοξεν τῇ ἱερᾷ ξ[υστικῇ πε]– |ριπολιστικῇ εὐσεβεῖ σεβαστῇ [συνόδῳ καὶ] | τῷ σύνπαντι ξυστῷ τῶν περὶ τ[ὸν Ἡρακλέα] || καὶ αὐτοκράτορα Καίσαρα Τραϊαν[ὸν Ἁδρι]–|ανὸν Σεβαστὸν διαπέμψασθαι [τόδε τὸ ψήφισ]–|μα τῇ ἱερωτάτῃ Ἀφροδεισιέων βο[υλῇ καὶ] | τῷ δήμῳ· ἐπεὶ Καλλικράτης Διογέν̣[ους Ἀφρο]–|[δ]εισιεὺς πανκρατιαστὴς ἱερονείκη[ς πλεισ]–||[τ]ονείκης ἀπὸ πρώτης ἡλικίας ε[ἰς τὰς ὁ]–|δοὺς τῆς ἀρετῆς τραπεὶς ἱδρῶσι [καὶ πό]–|νοις ἐκτήσατο τὴν εὐκλεῆ δόξαν [. . . ca. 5 . .]–|τητός τε παρὰ πᾶσιν ἀνθρώποις καθ’ [ὅλης τῆς] | οἰκουμένης γείνεται διά τε τὴν ὁλόκλ[ηρον] || αὐτῷ πεφιλοπονημένην σοφίαν σώματ̣ι γὰρ ὑ–|περβάλων ἅπαντας ἀρχαίους ἐθαυμάσθη [τὴν] | [φύ]σιν ψυχῆς τε ἐπιμελούμενος ἐμακαρί–|ζετο τὸν τρόπον ὧν ἕνεκα ἁπάντων πρὸς | τὸ ὑπερβάλλον τῆς δόξης ἑρπύσας ὁ βάσκα–||νος φθόνος τὸ κοινὸν ἡμῶν ἀγαθὸν νεμεσή–|σας ἀπήνεγκεν ἐνειρείσας εἰς μέρη τοῦ σώμα–|τος τὰ εὐχρηστότατα πανκρατιασταῖς τοὺσ–|μους· διὸ ἔδοξεν τύχῃ τῇ ἀγαθῇ αἰτήσασ–|θαι τὴν Ἀφροδεισιέων πόλιν τόπους ἐπιτη–||δείους ὅπως ποιησώμεθα τοῦ μεγάλου ἱερο–|νείκου εἰκόνων ἀναθέσεις καὶ ἀνδρειάν–|τος ἀνάστασιν καθὰ καὶ ἐν τῇ μητροπόλει | τῆς Ἀσίας Ἐφέσῳ ἐχουσῶν τῶν τειμῶν | ἐπιγραφὰς τὰς προσηκούσας τῷ Καλλικράτει, || ἵνα διὰ τούτου τοῦ ψηφίσματος τὸ βαρύθυμον | πρὸς εἱμαρμένην ἀπαραίτητον αἱ τῶν τει–|μῶν χάριτες εὐπαρηγόρητον ἡμεῖν τὸν συν–|vac. αθλητὴν καταστήσωσιν vac.

IAph 12.719: An Athletic synod honours Kallikrates the injured kickboxer.
© 2007 King’s College London.
(Reproduced under a Creative Commons license).

Item added: November 8, 2012
Item modified: December 10, 2015
ID number: 5574
Short link address:
http://www.philipharland.com/greco-roman-associations/?p=5574

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