Associations in the Greco-Roman World (AGRW)

An expanding collection of inscriptions, papyri, and other sources in translation (run by Philip A. Harland)

Grave of a “Father who Observes the Customs” and Priest of Hekate (ca. 125-150 CE) Tomis - Scythia and Moesia


Tomis (Scythia and Moesia, Danube and Black Sea areas — Pleiades map), 125-150 CE
M. Bărbulescu and A. Câteia, "Pater nomimos în cultul Hecatei la Tomis," Pontica 40 (2007) 245-253 = SEG 57 (2007), 680  = AGRW ID# 22808


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Upper part of a slab of marble with a triangular top (pediment) and a relief depicting a funerary banquet with a reclining man, a woman, and two standing boy slaves. Found in 1988. The title πατὴρ νόμιμος, "lawful father" or "father who observes the customs," is found elsewhere in connection with associations, particularly groups devoted to Mithras. Marcianus may have been the leader and priest of an association. Cf. Chaniotis, EBGR (2008), no. 12; IMithras 76 (Sidon), 79 (Sidon), 84-85 (Sidon = SEG 52 [2002], nos. 1591-1593–on this site), 739 (= ILS 4251; Aquileia). The πατὴρ νόμιμος at Sidon (who is also connected with Mithras) dedicated a statue of Hekate, providing another instance of the connection between that god and the title (IMithras 84-85). For the title "father" in connection with associations, see Harland 2009.

For Marcus Antonius Marcianus, “father” who observes the customs (patēr nomimos) and priest (hiereus) of Hekate Soteira (“Savior”), having lived 49 years, his wife set up the monument (stele).

Translation by: Harland



Μ(άρκῳ) Ἀντωνίῳ | Μαρκιανῷ, πα|τρὶ νομίμῳ | καὶ ἱερεῖ σωτεί||ρης Ἑκάτης, | ζήσαντι ἔ|τη μθʹ τὴν | [στή]λλην ἀν[έ]||στησεν] ἡ σ[ύμ]|[βιος αὐτοῦ]

Item added: February 21, 2016
Item modified: December 5, 2016
ID number: 22808
Short link address:
http://www.philipharland.com/greco-roman-associations/?p=22808

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