Associations in the Greco-Roman World (AGRW)

An expanding collection of inscriptions, papyri, and other sources in translation (run by Philip A. Harland)

Dedication to Zeus and the Devotees of Bennios (II CE) Aizanoi area - Phrygia

Aizanoi area (Phrygia, Asia Minor — Pleiades map), II CE
MAMA X 304 = Thomas Drew-Bear and Christian Naour, “Divinités De Phrygie,” ANRW II.18.3 (1990) 1987-1991 (no. 19) = PHI 269256 = AGRW ID# 5466
Copenhagen Inventory info: 504


Cylindrical altar of white marble (94 cm high). The term bennos may, as Drew-Bear argue, be a north Phrygian term for an "association." On the other hand, B. Levick and S. Mitchell suggest that bennos was more likely a term for a cult object or statue of some sort (see the notes to MAMA X 222 for this interpretation).

Tryphon son of Meniskos dedicated this to Zeus and to the devotees of Bennios (benneitai).

Translation by: Harland

Τρύφων Μενίσκου Διὶ | καὶ τοῖς Βεννείταις.

Item added: November 8, 2012
Item modified: October 18, 2020
ID number: 5466
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  • Burak Takmer says:
    June 25, 2018 / Reply

    Dear Mr. Harland,

    for the inscription and commentary of benneitai see also:

    Benedikt Eckhardt, Romanization and Isomorphic Change in Phrygia: the Case of Private Associations, JRS 106, 2016, pp. 147–171 (esp. 163-166).

    He thinks that the meaning of the word was rather broad; it could
    designate a cult community, but also a feast or festive assembly. He also adds that a bennarches must always be the leader of an organization is not sufficient to rule out this possibility.

    Best regards

  • Burak Takmer says:
    June 25, 2018 / Reply

    Therefore bennaitai may not be the devotees of Zeus Bennios, but Zeus.

  • Burak Takmer says:
    June 25, 2018 / Reply

    I am not sure if the find spot of the inscription, Pazarcık, lies in the territory of Aizanoi or in that of Kotiaion.

  • Phil Harland says:
    August 6, 2018 / Reply

    Yes, Eckhardt does offer one particular interpretation here. THanks for mentioning it.

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