Rome (?) (Latium, Italy — Pleiades map), undated
IMT 19 = F. Prêteux, "Priapos Bébrykès dans la propontide et les détroits: Succès d’un mythe local," REG 118 (2005) 246–265, at 252-253 note 34 = ILampsakos p. 149, note 2 = IG XIV 102* (on p. 12*, under "inscriptiones falsae vel suspectae"; i.e. suspected forgeries) = CIG 5960 = PHI 287508 = ID# 21418
In IG XIV, Kaibel placed this inscription under the "forgery" or "suspected forgery" section without any explanation. It is possible that the monument (if authentic) was originally from Lampsakos, but the term koinõnia is not found used at Lampsakos itself (see ILampsakos). So (if authentic) the Lampsakenes here are likely immigrants to Rome from Lampsakos (in Mysia), where Priapos was a patron deity of the city (see ILampsakos 7, line 9; Pausanias, Description of Greece 9.31.2). This confirmed connection between Lampsakos and Priapos may suggest authenticity (or a pre-17th century forgery that was very well researched and built on obscure information).
The relief depicts a god with an erect phallus in the form of a monument with a club on the top left of the monument, a sickle on the top right, fruit baskets on the left and right in the middle, a knife or garden implement on both sides towards the bottom of the monument in relief, and two goat (?) heads at the bottom. The inscription appears at the base.
(towards the top) Tryphon. Tryphon.
(bottom) The partnership (koinōnia) of Lampsakenians dedicated this to the erect phallus-possessing, club-bearing and garden-protecting one (i.e. the god) on account of benefactions and goodwill.Translation by: Harland
Item added: January 13, 2016
Item modified: January 14, 2016
ID number: 21418
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