Associations in the Greco-Roman World (AGRW)

An expanding collection of inscriptions, papyri, and other sources in translation (run by Philip A. Harland)

Dedication to Priapos (?) by the Partnership of those from Lampsakos (undated) Rome (?) - Latium


Rome (?) (Latium, Italy — Pleiades map), undated
IMT 19 = F. Prêteux, "Priapos Bébrykès dans la propontide et les détroits: Succès d’un mythe local," REG 118 (2005) 246–265, at 252-253 note 34 = ILampsakos p. 149, note 2 = IG XIV 102* (on p. 12*, under "inscriptiones falsae vel suspectae"; i.e. suspected forgeries) = CIG 5960 = PHI 287508  = ID# 21418


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The first publication of a drawing of the monument with the inscription seems to be by Jean Jacques Boissard, VI. pars. Antiquitatum Romanarum : sive IIII. tomus inscriptionum & monumentorum (Frankfurt: apud Iohannem Feyrabend, impensis Theodori de Bry, 1602), figure 36 (see below). Boissard reports that this monument was found near the Flaminian Gate by the Julian gardens (Porta Flaminia). Janus Gruterus and Johannes Georgius Graevius reproduce that drawing by Boissard and provide a facsimile (see below): Gruterus and Graevius, Inscriptiones antiquae totius orbis Romani (Halma, 1707). Bernard de Montfaucon also reproduces Boissard's drawing: Bernard de Montfaucon, L’ antiquité expliquée et représentée en figures: Antiquitas explenatiore et schematibus illustrata (I.2): Les dieux des grecs et des romains, vol. 1.2 (Paris, 1722), plate 180. De Montfaucon also reproduces Boissard's imaginative depiction of a scene of Priapos worship (see below).

In IG XIV, Kaibel placed this inscription under the "forgery" or "suspected forgery" section without any explanation. It is possible that the monument (if authentic) was originally from Lampsakos, but the term koinõnia is not found used at Lampsakos itself (see ILampsakos). So (if authentic) the Lampsakenes here are likely immigrants to Rome from Lampsakos (in Mysia), where Priapos was a patron deity of the city (see ILampsakos 7, line 9; Pausanias, Description of Greece 9.31.2). This confirmed connection between Lampsakos and Priapos may suggest authenticity (or a pre-17th century forgery that was very well researched and built on obscure information).

The relief depicts a god with an erect phallus in the form of a monument with a club on the top left of the monument, a sickle on the top right, fruit baskets on the left and right in the middle, a knife or garden implement on both sides towards the bottom of the monument in relief, and two goat (?) heads at the bottom. The inscription appears at the base.

(towards the top) Tryphon.   Tryphon.

(bottom) The partnership (koinōnia) of Lampsakenians dedicated this to the erect phallus-possessing, club-bearing and garden-protecting one (i.e. the god) on account of benefactions and goodwill.

Translation by: Harland



Τρύφων. Τρύφων. | Ἰθυφάλλωι κορυνηφόρωι | κηποφύλακι κλεπτομάστιγι, | εὐεργεσίας καὶ εὐδοκίας χάριν || Λαμψακίων {Λαμψακ<ην>ῶν; CIG} κοινωνία.

IMT 19: Drawing by Boissard 1602. Public domain. Also reproduced in Gruterus and Graevius 1707, figure corresponding to p. XCV.

IMT 19: Drawing by Boissard 1602. Public domain.

 

IMT 19: Facsimile from Gruterus and Graevius 1707, p XCV. Public domain.

IMT 19: Facsimile from Gruterus and Graevius 1707, p XCV. Public domain.

 

IMT 17: Boissard's drawing of Priapos worship. From Montfaucon, plate 181.

IMT 17: Boissard’s drawing of Priapos worship. From Montfaucon, plate 181.

Item added: January 13, 2016
Item modified: January 14, 2016
ID number: 21418
Short link address:
http://www.philipharland.com/greco-roman-associations/?p=21418

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