Associations in the Greco-Roman World (AGRW)

An expanding collection of inscriptions, papyri, and other sources in translation (run by Philip A. Harland)

[329] Grave Inscriptions Mentioning Synagogues (III-IV CE (?)) Rome - Latium


Rome (Latium, Italy — Pleiades map), III-IV CE (?)
AGRW 329 = JIWE II 117, 165, 166, 167, 170, 189, 542, 288, 557, 576, 578 = PHI 178271  = ID# 24503


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Plaques of marble from places of burial (catacombs) in various districts or neighborhoods of Rome, as indicated below. As the following inscriptions suggest, several of the synagogues at Rome were named after the neighbourhood where they met (the Calcaresians in the lime-burner’s district, the Campesians in the Campus Martius, and the Siburesians in the Subura district); others point to the geographical origins of the Judeans who founded the group (e.g. Judeans from the city of Tripolis or from the city of Elaia); and, still others named themselves in honor of a prominent figure (e.g. the Augustesians after Augustus or some other emperor, the Agrippesians likely after Marcus Agrippa, and the Volumnesians after a figure named Volumnius).

Monteverde district catacombs:

(a) Here lies Poly…nis, head of the synagogue (archisynagōgos) of the synagogue of the Vernaclesians, 53 years old. His sleep is in peace. (JIWE II 117)

(b) Here lies Pomponis who was twice leader (archōn) of the synagogue of the Calcaresians. He lived 60 years. His sleep is in peace. (JIWE II 165)

(c) Here lies Proclus, leader of the synagogue of the Tripolitans. May he sleep in peace. (JIWE II 166)

(d) Here lies Hilaros, leader of the synagogue of the Volumnesians, having lived 35 years. His sleep is in peace. His memorial. (JIWE II 167).

(e) Here lies Kailis, patron of the Agrippesians. May he sleep in peace. (JIWE II 170)

(f) Here lies Quintianus, chief-elder (gerousiarchēs) of the Augustesians, who lived 54 years. His sleep is in peace. (JIWE I 189)

Trastevere district catacombs:

(g) Here lies . . . Name Marcella, mother (?) of the synagogue of the Augustesians. May she be remembered (?) . . . Her sleep is in peace. (JIWE II 542)

Vigna Randanini district catacombs:

(h) Here liest Annianus, leader, child son of Julianus, the father of the synagogue of the Campesians, 8 years and 2 months old. His sleep is in peace. (JIWE II 288)

Unknown provenance:

(i) Here lies Neikodemos, the leader of the Siburesians and loved by all of them, 30 years and 42 days old. Have courage, Ablabius the younger, no one is immortal. (JIWE II 557)

(j) Here lies Pancharios, father (patēr) of the synagogue of Elaia, 110 years old, who loved his people and loved the commandments, living a good life. His sleep is in peace. (JIWE II 576).

(k) Here lies Solo daughter of Galias who was father of the synagogue of the Hebrews. She lived 41 years. Her sleep is in peace. (JIWE II 578).

Translation by: Harland



Monteverde district catacombs:

(a = JIWE II 117)

[ἐν]θάδε κεῖτε Πολυ|[․․]νις ἀρχισύνγωγος {ἀρχισυνάγωγος} | [συ]ναγωγῆς Βερνά|[κλ]ων ἐτῶν νγ || [ἐν] εἰρήνῃ ἡ κοίμη|σις αὐτοῦ.

(b = JIWE II 165)

ἐν{κ}θάδε {ἐνθάδε} κεῖθαιν {κεῖται} | Πομπώνις ὁ δὶς | ἄρχων τῆς συνα|γωγῆς Καλκαρήσις. ἔ||ζησεν ἐτῶν ξʹ ἐν ἰρ|ήνῃ {menorah} κύμη|σις αὐτοῦ.

(c = JIWE II 166)

ἐνθάδε κεῖτε Πρό|κλος ἄρχων συναγωγῆς Τριπολειτῶν· | ἐν εἰρήνῃ κοιμάσθω.

(d = JIWE II 167)

ἐνθάδε κῖτε Ἵλαρος | ἄρχων ἀπὸ συναγωγ|ῆς Βολυμνησίων | ζήσας ἔτη ∙ λεʹ ∙ ἐν ἰ||ρήνῃ ἡ κοίμησις | αὐτοῦ. μνία <α>ὐτοῦ. | {shofar} {lulab with root} {open torah-shrine with 9 scrolls} {amphora}

(e = JIWE II 170)

ἐνθάδε κεῖτε | Καίλις προστά|της Ἀγριππη|σίων· ἐν εἰρή||νῃ κοιμάσθω. | {2 matzoth(?)}

(f = JIWE I 189)

ἐνθάδε ∙ κεῖτε | Κυντιανὸς ∙ γερου|σιάρχης ∙ συναγω|γῆς ∙ Αὐγοστησίων || ὃς ἔζησεν ∙ ἔτη ∙ ν∙δʹ ∙ | ἐν ἐρήνῃ ∙ ἡ κοίμησις ∙ αὐτοῦ.

Trastevere district catacombs:

(g = JIWE II 542)

[ἐνθά]δε κεῖτε | [․․․․]ια Μαρκέλ|[λα μή]τηρ συνα|[γωγῆς] Αὐγουστη||[σίων· μ]νησθῇ | [․․․․ ἐ]ν εἰρήνῃ | [ἡ κοίμη]σις αὐ|[τῆ]ς. v

Vigna Randanini district catacombs:

(h =JIWE II 288)

ἐνθάδε κεῖτε Ἀννιανὸς ἄρχων <νή>πιος | υἱὸς Ἰουλιανοῦ πατρὸ<ς> συναγωγῆς Καμπη|σίων αἰτῶν {ἐτῶν} η μηνῶν β· ἐν εἰρήνῃ ἡ κοίμησις αὐτοῦ.

Unknown provenance:

(i = JIWE II 557)

ἐντάδε {ἐνθάδε} κεῖται | Νεικόδημος | ὁ ἄρχων | Σιβουρησ∙ίων ∙ καὶ ∙ || πᾶσι ∙ φειλητὸς | αἰτῶν {²⁶ἐτῶν}²⁶ ∙ λʹ ∙ ἡμερ(ῶν) ∙ μβ ∙ | θάρι {θάρσει} Ἀβλάβι νεώτερε, οὐ|δεὶς ∙ ἀθάνατος.

(j = JIWE II 576)

ἐνθάδε κεῖται Παν|χάριος πατὲρ συνα|γωγῆς Ἐλαίας ἐτῶ|ν ἕκατων δέκα φιλό||λαος φιλέντολος | καλῶς βιώσας· ἠν {ἐν} εἰρ|ήνῃ ἡ κοίμησις vac. αὐτοῦ. vac.

(k = JIWE II 578).

ὧδε κεῖ|τε Σαλὼ | θυγάτηρ Γα|δία πατρὸς || συναγωγῆς | Αἱβρέων {Ἑβραίων}· ἐβί|ωσεν {scil. ἔτη} μαʹ· | ἐν εἰρήνῃ | ἡ κοίμη||σεις αὐτῆς.

Grave of Kailis patron of the Agrippesians, from Rome (JIWE II 170; photo: Van der Lans)

Grave of Kailis patron of the Agrippesians, from Rome (JIWE II 170; photo: Van der Lans)

Grave of Hilaros leader of the synagogue of the Volumnensians, from Rome (JIWE II 167; photo: Van der Lans)

Grave of Hilaros leader of the synagogue of the Volumnensians, from Rome (JIWE II 167; photo: Van der Lans)

Grave of Pomponis, from Rome (JIWE II 165; photo: Van der Lans)

Grave of Pomponis, from Rome (JIWE II 165; photo: Van der Lans)

Grave of Proclus, leader of the synagogue of the Tripolitans, from Rome (JIWE II 166; photo: Van der Lans)

Grave of Proclus, leader of the synagogue of the Tripolitans, from Rome (JIWE II 166; photo: Van der Lans)

Item added: February 14, 2017
Item modified: February 14, 2017
ID number: 24503
Short link address:
http://www.philipharland.com/greco-roman-associations/?p=24503

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